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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Yasmine: And I'm Yasmine.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know French Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 23. Using Conditionals.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for using conditionals with "if."
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "If I lose my hair, I'll buy a wig."
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Yasmine: [slow] Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Eric: The pattern for using conditionals with "if" has 3 elements. First, the word "if."
Yasmine: Si.
Eric: Second, clause A, in this case "I lose my hair."
Yasmine: je perds mes cheveux.
Eric: Third, clause B, in this case "I'll buy a wig."
Yasmine: j'achète une perruque.
Eric: Altogether, we have "If I lose my hair, I'll buy a wig."
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque. [slow] Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque. [normal] Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Eric: First you have the word "if," followed by a first clause in the present indicative form, then another clause in either the present indicative or future form.
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Eric: So remember, to express conditions, start with "if," followed by a first clause in the present indicative form, and add another clause in either the present indicative or future form.
Eric: Here's another example meaning, "If I miss my bus, I'll arrive late." First, expression "if."
Yasmine: Si.
Eric: Second, clause A, in this case "I miss my bus."
Yasmine: je rate mon bus.
Eric: Third, clause B, in this case "I'll arrive late."
Yasmine: j'arriverai en retard.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Yasmine: Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard. [slow] Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard. [normal] Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard.
Eric: "If I miss my bus, I'll arrive late."
[pause]
Yasmine: Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard.
Eric: How do you say - "If the weather is nice tomorrow, I'll go to the beach." To give you a hint, "to be nice weather tomorrow" is...
Yasmine: faire beau demain. [slow] faire beau demain. [normal] faire beau demain.
Eric: "If the weather is nice tomorrow, I'll go to the beach."
[pause]
Yasmine: S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage. [slow] S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage. [normal] S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage.
[pause]
Yasmine: S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in French. Here we go.
Eric: "If I lose my hair, I'll buy a wig."
[pause]
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
[pause]
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Eric: "If I miss my bus, I'll arrive late."
[pause]
Yasmine: Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard.
[pause]
Yasmine: Si je rate mon bus, j'arriverai en retard.
Eric: "If the weather is nice tomorrow, I'll go to the beach."
[pause]
Yasmine: S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage.
[pause]
Yasmine: S'il fait beau demain, je vais à la plage.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for using conditionals with "if," as in...
Yasmine: Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.
Eric: meaning "If I lose my hair, I'll buy a wig."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on FrenchPod101.com. Thanks, everyone, see you next time!
Yasmine: A la prochaine!

5 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What would you do if you had a million dollars?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:06 PM
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Bonjour Michael,

The difference is quite subtle!


If you're talking about a probability, or something that is almost certain, you need to use the present.

If you're talking about an assumption, you need to use the conditional.


In the sentence, "Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque", the speaker uses the present because if they were to lose their hair, they are sure they would buy a wig. It's something that is logical to them, therefore the conditional is not needed.


I hope that's a bit clearer!


À bientôt,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101.com

Michael
Thursday at 08:17 AM
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I am confused with the following,


Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achète une perruque.


Or should this be


Si je perds mes cheveux, j'achèterais une perruque.


I.e using the conditional

Frenchpod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:09 AM
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Bonjour Amelia et merci pour votre commentaire !


Il faut dire "si j'avais un million de dollars, j'aiderais mon pays".


Pour vous aider: https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/upper-beginner-13-cant-get-enough-of-those-french-strawberries/

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/newbie-22-all-your-needs-and-desires-can-be-met-in-france-the-subway/


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Amelia
Thursday at 10:59 AM
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Si j'ai un million dollars, je devrais aide mon pays.

*I still have trouble with tenses.