Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Yasmine: And I'm Yasmine.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know French Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 15. Giving Advice, Part 1.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for giving advice.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "You should go to the dentist."
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Yasmine: [slow] Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Eric: The pattern for giving advice has 3 elements. First, the expression "you should" (informal you).
Yasmine: Tu devrais.
Eric: Second, a verb in the infinitive form, in this case "to go."
Yasmine: aller.
Eric: Third, the complement, in this case "to the dentist."
Yasmine: chez le dentiste.
Eric: Altogether, we have "You should go to the dentist."
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste. [slow] Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste. [normal] Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Eric: First you have the expression "you should," then a verb in the infinitive form followed by a complement.
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Eric: So remember, to give advice, start with the expression "you should," followed by a verb in the infinitive form, and then the thing you advise to do.
Eric: Here's another example meaning, "You should go to sleep earlier." First, the expression "you should" (informal you).
Yasmine: Tu devrais.
Eric: Second, a verb in the infinitive form, in this case the reflexive verb, meaning "to sleep."
Yasmine: te coucher.
Eric: Third, complement, in this case "earlier."
Yasmine: plus tôt.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Yasmine: Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt. [slow] Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt. [normal] Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt.
Eric: "You should go to sleep earlier."
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt.
Eric: How do you say - "You should clean your bedroom." To give you a hint, "to clean your bedroom" is...
Yasmine: ranger ta chambre. [slow] ranger ta chambre. [normal] ranger ta chambre.
Eric: "You should clean your bedroom."
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais ranger ta chambre. [slow] Tu devrais ranger ta chambre. [normal] Tu devrais ranger ta chambre.
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais ranger ta chambre.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in French. Here we go.
Eric: "You should go to the dentist."
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Eric: "You should go to sleep earlier."
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt.
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais te coucher plus tôt.
Eric: "You should clean your bedroom."
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais ranger ta chambre.
[pause]
Yasmine: Tu devrais ranger ta chambre.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for giving advice, as in...
Yasmine: Tu devrais aller chez le dentiste.
Eric: meaning "You should go to the dentist."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on FrenchPod101.com. Thanks, everyone, see you next time!
Yasmine: A la prochaine!

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Try giving some advice using this pattern!