Lesson Transcript


Hi, everyone. I’m Lindsay from FrenchPod101.com. In this video, we’ll be talking about How to Ask for and Give Directions. Let’s begin!
[Normal] Où est le / la / les ~? [Slow] Où est le / la / les ~?
"Where is the ~?"
Où means where.
There is a grave accent on où to tell the difference between ou (which means “or”), but the pronunciation remains the same.
Here is a sample sentence, Où est la banque?
Which means "Where is the bank?"
[Normal] Je dois aller au ~. [Slow] Je dois aller au ~.
This means "I need to go to the ~."
Je dois means "I have to" or "I need to" and comes from devoir, which is an irregular verb.
For example, you can say Je dois aller au commissariat,
which means "I need to go to the police station."
[Normal] Comment puis-je aller au ~? [Slow] Comment puis-je aller au ~?
This means "How do I get to the ~?"
Comment means "how." Puis-je means "can I," aller means "to go," and au is the preposition you need to use before masculine nouns.
For example, you can say Comment puis-je aller au musée?
Which means "How do I get to the museum?"
[Normal] Est-ce qu'il y a un/ une ~ près d'ici ? [Slow] Est-ce qu'il y a un/ une ~ près d'ici ?
This means "Is there a ~ near here?"
For example, Est-ce qu'il y a une bibliothèque près d'ici?
means "Is there a library near here?"
Don't get confused with librairie and bibliothèque. Librairie means "bookshop." "Library," in French, is bibliothèque.
[Normal] Excusez-moi, savez-vous où est le / la ~ ? [Slow] Excusez-moi, savez-vous où est le / la ~ ?
This means "Excuse me, do you know where the ~ is?"
When you don't know the person you are speaking to, use vous instead of tu. Both mean "you," but tu is informal and vous is formal.
For example, you can say Excusez-moi, savez-vous où est le parc?
Which means "Excuse me, do you know where the park is?"
[Normal] Est-ce que le / la ~ est loin d'ici ? [Slow] Est-ce que le / la ~ est loin d'ici ?
This means "Is the ~ far from here?"
Est-ce que literally means "Is it that..." A convenience of everyday French is that a phrase can easily be turned from a statement into a question.
For example, you can say Est-ce que la Poste est loin d'ici?
Which means "Is the post office far from here?"
[Normal] tournez à gauche [Slow] tournez à gauche
This means "turn left."
This is the basic indication to go left. The first word, tournez, means "turn." It is followed by à, which means "to." Lastly, we have gauche, which means "left."
For example, you can say Tournez à gauche au deuxième pâté de maison,
which means "Turn left at the second block."
[Normal] tournez à droite [Slow] tournez à droite
This means "turn right."
This is similar to "turn left," you just have to substitute gauche with droite, which means "right."
For example, you can say Tournez à dcdroite au troisième feu de circulation, which means "Turn right at the third traffic light."
[Normal] allez tout droit [Slow] allez tout droit
This means "go straight."
This is the basic indications to go straight. The first word, allez, means "go" and it's in the imperative mood. The next two words, tout droit, mean "straight."
For example, you can say Allez tout droit, puis tournez à gauche au prochain feu, which means "Go straight, and turn left at the next light."
[Normal] Passer devant... [Slow] Passer devant...
This means "go past"
Passer means "to pass," and passer devant means "to go past." Devant is a preposition meaning "in front of."
For example, you can say Passez devant l'église,
which means "Go past the church."
[Normal] A l'angle de... [Slow] A l'angle de...
This means "at the corner of."
This sentence may help you to indicate a particular place.
For example, you can say C'est à l'angle de l'avenue, meaning "It's at the corner of this avenue."
An avenue is a big, wide street in an urban area.
[Normal] En face de... [Slow] En face de...
This means "in front of."
For example, La station de bus est en face du supermarché.
This means "The bus station is in front of the supermarket."
Traveling in France by bus is easy and cheap. Every city has its own public transit system. Of course, it's easier if you speak a little French!
[Normal] Derrière [Slow] Derrière
This means "behind."
For example, Le parking se trouve derrière la salle de cinéma.
This means "The parking lot is behind the movie theater."
Se trouver is a transitive verb that means "to be located somewhere," or "can be found." It can be about an object or a person.
[Normal] à côté de... [Slow] à côté de...
This means "next to."
À Côté de means "next to" or "nearby" and is very common in French. It is used to indicate the relative physical positions of one thing to another.
For example, you can say Le restaurant est à côté du parc.
Which means, "The restaurant is next to the park."
[Normal] Entre [Slow] Entre
This means "between."
For example, you can say Le magasin est entre le café et l'animalerie.
Which means, "The store is between the coffee shop and the pet store."
In French, café refers to both the drink and the place where you can drink it. Animalerie is a pet shop.
[Normal] Opposé [Slow] Opposé
This means "opposite."
Opposé is an adjective that means "opposite” or “opposed." When you say côté opposé, it means "opposite side."
For example, you can say Il est sur le côté opposé de la rue,
which means "It's on the opposite side of the street."
[Normal] à côté de ~. [Slow] à côté de ~.
This means "next to ~."
For example, C'est à côté de l'école means, "It's next to the school."
C'est is the root form used for impersonal expressions and general comments. Don't use c'est when talking about specific people, things, or ideas.


Okay, that's all for this lesson. Which pattern you like more? Leave us a comment letting us know. And we'll see you next time!
À bientôt!