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Lesson Transcript

A: Top 25 French Questions You Need to Know - Lesson 13: Do you have any brothers or sisters in French? In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for French learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations. You'll also improve pronunciation and fluency by repeating the words and phrases out loud after hearing them.
In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question "Do you have any brothers and sisters?" In French this is
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs?
The first word in the question “Do you have any brothers and sisters?” is
B: Avez
A: "meaning have" in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) Avez
A: Listen again at natural speed. Please repeat.
B: Avez
{Pause}
A: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the English translation, breaking it down by syllable, and then giving it once more at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question, Do you have any brothers and sisters? is
B: vous
A: meaning you in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) vous
A: Listen again at natural native speed, and repeat.
B: vous
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
B: Avez vous
{pause}
And next
B: des
A: meaning something like any in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) des
A: Listen again at natural native speed, and repeat.
B: des
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
B: Avez vous des
{pause}
And after that
B: frères
A: meaning brothers in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) frères
A: Listen again at natural native speed, and repeat.
B: frères
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
B: Avez vous des frères
{pause}
And next
B: et
A: meaning and in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) et
A: Listen again at natural native speed, and repeat.
B: et
{Pause}
Listen to the the first 5 words of the question and repeat.
B: Avez vous des frères et
{pause}
And next
B: sœurs
A: meaning sisters in English. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) sœurs
A: Listen again at natural native speed, and repeat.
B: sœurs
{Pause}
Listen to the entire question and repeat.
B: Avez vous des frères et sœurs
{pause}
A: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question Do you have any brothers and sisters??
B: J'ai une sœur.
A: "I have a sister.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
B: (Slow) J'ai une sœur.
{pause}
Avez
verb
n/a
A: But let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
B: J'
A: which is the contracted version of the word for I. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) J'
A: Again at natural speed. Repeat.
B: J'
{Pause}
A: Next is
B: ai
meaning have. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) ai
A: Again at natural speed. Repeat.
B: ai
{Pause}
A: And next
B: une
meaning a. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) une
A: Again at natural speed. Repeat.
B: une
{Pause}
A: And after that
B: sœur
meaning sister. Listen to it syllable by syllable.
B: (Slow, by syllable) sœur
A: Again at natural speed. Repeat.
B: sœur
{Pause}
A: Listen to the speaker say, I have a sister., and then repeat.
B: J'ai une sœur.
{pause}
A: To use a different phrase, replace a sister with brother.
B: un frère
A: brother
B: (slow) un frère (regular) un frère
A: Listen to the phrase again, this time with brother
B: J'ai un frère.
A: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace a sister. Say I have brother.
{pause}
B: J'ai un frère.
A: To use a different phrase, replace brother with younger sister.
B: une petite- soeur
A: younger sister
B: (slow) une petite- soeur (regular) une petite- soeur
A: Listen to the phrase again, this time with younger sister
B: J'ai une petite- soeur.
A: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the word for brother. Say I have younger sister.
{pause}
B: J'ai une petite- soeur.
A: To expand on the pattern, replace younger sister with stepbrother.
B: un demi-frère
A: stepbrother
B: (slow) un demi-frère (regular) un demi-frère
A: Listen to the phrase again, this time with stepbrother
B: J'ai un demi-frère.
A: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the word for younger sister. Say I have stepbrother.
{pause}
B: J'ai un demi-frère.
Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting France and someone asks you if you have any brothers or sisters. You want to say you have (a) a sister. Respond to the question.
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs? (five seconds) J'ai une sœur.
A: Now imagine you have (a) brother Respond to the question.
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs? (five seconds) J'ai un frère.
A: Imagine you have (a) younger sister. . Answer the speaker's question.
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs? (five seconds) J'ai une petite- soeur.
A: Imagine you have (a) stepbrother. Respond to the question.
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs? (five seconds) J'ai un demi-frère.
A: You want to know if a friend of yours has any brothers or sisters. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs?
{pause}
A: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
B: Avez-vous des frères et sœurs?
{pause}
A: This is the end of Lesson 13

16 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Please give us your answer to the question below!

 

Frenchpod101.com
Monday at 2:01 am
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Merci Deng pour votre message ! 😄


Bonne année 2019 !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Deng
Saturday at 6:03 pm
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J'ai deux cousin sœurs et un frère dans la famille.

Frenchpod101.comVerified
Monday at 12:33 am
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Bonjour Basil et merci pour votre commentaire !


Bravo tout est juste, la présentation de votre famille est correcte ! 👍

En Français "demi-frère / demi-soeur" s'applique pour "step brother" et "half-brother". On ne fait pas la différence.


A très bientôt et bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Basil
Tuesday at 12:45 pm
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In the vocabulary, it says a demi-frère means stepbrother, but in English that would mean half brother. A step brother shares no blood relation with you.

Basil
Tuesday at 12:39 pm
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J’ai trois soeurs et deux frères. J’ai une grande famille. Il y a mon grand frère, un petit frére, un grand soeurs, et deux petites soeurs. Ils habitent tous au Texas sauf une petite soeur.


Est-ce que c'est correct?

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:33 am
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Bonjour Peter et merci pour votre commentaire !


You are right, we will fix this mistake ASAP!


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchP101.com

Peter
Tuesday at 2:53 am
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I think the vocab list is wrong...


un petite-soeur


Shouldn't it be une petite-soeur?


Since sister is feminine?

Shaun
Wednesday at 5:44 pm
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J'ai une petite-sœur. Elle s'appelle Shannon.


Et vous? Avez-vous des frères et sœurs?

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 8:07 pm
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Bonjour Gloria ! :smile:


Bravo vous vous êtes corrigée.

J'espère que vous allez bien. :smile:


bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Gloria
Thursday at 8:28 am
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I have a correction to make Marie Alice, It is “aussi.” I always see my mistakes too late.