Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Bonjour tout le monde ! Je m'appelle Gabriella Bienvenue à Lower Intermediate French, Season 2, Lesson 22 - Let's Have Fun at a French Country Fair!
Jeremy: Moi, c'est Jeremy.
Gabriella: Let's get started. Quel est le sujet de la leçon d'aujourd'hui ?
Jeremy: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use substitution words. The conversation is between Laure and Charlène.
Gabriella: Ok, donc c'est une conversation informelle ?
Jeremy: Oui, et Charlène a l’air surbookée...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: Ah! J’aime beaucoup la Chandeleur, et les crêpes!
Jeremy: Moi aussi ! Qui n’aime pas ?
Gabriella: C’est vrai! How is Candlemass celebrated in France?
Jeremy: First of all, this is a Christian celebration, but even the non-believers celebrate it.
Gabriella: And it’s during winter, right?
Jeremy: Oui, c’est le 2 février. La date ne change pas.
Gabriella: I heard it was a pagan celebration before…
Jeremy: C’est vrai ! On célébrait la Lumière et le retour du Printemps.
Gabriella: I like it! So, the crepes reminds us of the sun, and everyone fills them with delicious fillings…
Jeremy: Haha, on dirait que tu connais déjà très bien!
Gabriella: Oui, c’est tellement bon avec du chocolat !
Jeremy: J’aime bien avec du citron et du sucre…
Gabriella: I should try this one.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’s our first word?
Jeremy: Kermesse.
Gabriella: A "country fair." Are these common?
Jeremy: They’re usually held in schools for special events to relax children and parents.
Gabriella: Ok, comme la Chandeleur!
Jeremy: Oui, mais aussi pour Noël, ou pour célébrer la fin de l’année scolaire.
Gabriella: That’s great!
Jeremy: Sometimes, funds are raised too, to organize a trip for the children, or for a good cause.
Gabriella: C’est fantastique de faire ça avec des enfants! Ok, so what’s our second word?
Jeremy: Se déguiser
Gabriella: "To disguise" or "to dress up."
Jeremy: This is used for special events, like Halloween or Carnival.
Gabriella: Or for parties with friends?
Jeremy: Oui. Par contre, on dit “se costumer” quand on porte un beau déguisement.
Gabriella: I assume it’s used for the Carnival of Venice, for example?
Jeremy: Tout à fait !
Gabriella: And our last word is…
Jeremy: the expression pas évident !
Gabriella: “Not obvious”...?
Jeremy: It'd rather be “Not easy”. The French say that when something is hard to get or hard to do.
Gabriella: Ok, j’ai compris. Now on to the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn about substitution words.
Jeremy: The French don’t like to repeat words when it’s not necessary.
Gabriella: They even tend to use them more than English speakers!
Jeremy: Oui, on en utilise tout le temps. Let’s start with celui and celle.
Gabriella: Which both translate as “The one”, in the masculine and feminine forms.
Jeremy: The plural for celui is ceux, and celles, with an “s”, for the feminine form.
Gabriella: Let’s hear an example!
Jeremy: Regarde cet ordinateur en vitrine ! C’est celui que j’ai offert à mon copain !
Gabriella: "Look at this computer in the window display! This is the one I gave my boyfriend!"
Jeremy: Here, celui replaces ordinateur, in the second sentence. Since we already know what it's about, it’s not necessary to say ordinateur again.
Gabriella: Okay! How do we say – "this one", "these ones"?
Jeremy: It’s almost the same. The singular form would be celui-ci or celui-là for the masculine form, and celle-ci or celle-là for the feminine form.
Gabriella: Here “ci” means it’s closer to the speaker, and “là” stands for “over there”.
Jeremy: Oui, c’est tout à fait ça ! The plural form works exactly the same - ceux-ci, ceux-là, celles-ci, celles-là.
Gabriella: Est-ce que tu as un exemple ?
Jeremy: J’ai vu beaucoup de sacs qui me plaisaient, mais c’est celui-ci que j’ai choisi.
Gabriella: "I saw a lot of bags I liked, but I’ve chosen this one”.
Jeremy: C’est assez simple ! Let’s hear another one – lequel, laquelle.
Gabriella: "Which," in case of an affirmative sentence, or “which one” in the case of a question.
Jeremy: C’est ça. The plurals are lesquels, lesquelles.
Gabriella: The plurals are irregular, please be careful!
Jeremy: Voyons un exemple – Imagine you're hungry and you'd like a pastry. You'll ask your friend - La boulangerie où tu es allée ce matin, c‘est laquelle?
Gabriella: "The bakery you went to this morning, which one is it?"
Jeremy: And in an affirmative sentence - Elle a changé d’école, laquelle était trop éloignée de la maison.
Gabriella: "She changed her school, which was too far from home.” Ok, that’s rather simple.
Jeremy: Oui, cela demande juste un peu d’entraînement.
Gabriella: Chers auditeurs, n’hésitez pas à pratiquer dans les commentaires!

Outro

Jeremy: Bonne chance, et à la prochaine!
Gabriella: Thanks for listening, everyone! Salut!

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Bonjour chers auditeurs ! Est-ce qu'il y a des kermesses dans vore pays ?

Hi listeners! Are there country fairs in your country?