Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hi everyone, I’m Greg: and welcome to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1, Lesson 3, A French Invitation.
Mailys: Bonjour à tous. This is Mailys. In this lesson, we will learn how to count to 10, and about invitations.
Greg: Jacques and Mireille meet again at the café and since they know each other, they will use informal French from now on.
Mailys: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Jacques Mireille, tu es libre ce soir?
Mireille Oui, je suis libre. Pourquoi?
Jacques Tu aimes la cuisine italienne ou la cuisine chinoise?
Mireille J’aime les deux, mais j’adore la cuisine italienne! C’est une invitation?
Jacques Oui, bien sûr! Quel est ton numéro de téléphone?
Mireille C’est le 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2.
Jacques 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2… Moi, c’est le 9-1 2-4 3-8 7-5.
Greg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jacques Mireille, tu es libre ce soir?
Mireille Oui, je suis libre. Pourquoi?
Jacques Tu aimes la cuisine italienne ou la cuisine chinoise?
Mireille J’aime les deux, mais j’adore la cuisine italienne! C’est une invitation?
Jacques Oui, bien sûr! Quel est ton numéro de téléphone?
Mireille C’est le 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2.
Jacques 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2… Moi, c’est le 9-1 2-4 3-8 7-5.
Greg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Jacques Mireille, tu es libre ce soir?
Greg: Mireille, are you free tonight?
Mireille Oui, je suis libre. Pourquoi?
Greg: Yes, I’m free. Why?
Jacques Tu aimes la cuisine italienne ou la cuisine chinoise?
Greg: Do you like Italian or Chinese cuisine?
Mireille J’aime les deux, mais j’adore la cuisine italienne! C’est une invitation?
Greg: I like both, but I love Italian cuisine! Is this an invitation?
Jacques Oui, bien sûr! Quel est ton numéro de téléphone?
Greg: Yes, of course! What is your phone number?
Mireille C’est le 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2.
Greg: It’s 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2.
Jacques 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2… Moi, c’est le 9-1 2-4 3-8 7-5.
Greg: 4-6 3-5 7-1 8-2… Mine is 9-1 2-4 3-8 7-5.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Greg: So Mailys, French cuisine is famous and many French dishes are known all over the world, right?
Mailys: That’s right. For instance, foie gras is liver from fattened ducks, and Quiche is an omelette-based open-face pie.
Greg: Many desserts are also famous.
Mailys: Yes, for example, crême brûlée is a custard-based dessert with caramel, and Mille-feuilles is a type of layered puff pastry.
Greg: And sauces, herbs and spices often play an important role in French cuisine and wine and cheese are commonly served with meals.
Mailys: Also, French pastries and breads are also famous and you'll find bakeries serving French bread and baguettes in every part in the world.
Greg: Let’s move on to the vocab before I get too hungry!
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: libre [natural native speed]
Greg: free
Mailys: libre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: libre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: ce soir [natural native speed]
Greg: tonight
Mailys: ce soir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: ce soir [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: pourquoi [natural native speed]
Greg: why
Mailys: pourquoi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: pourquoi [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: cuisine [natural native speed]
Greg: cuisine, cooking, kitchen
Mailys: cuisine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: cuisine [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: italienne [natural native speed]
Greg: Italian
Mailys: italienne [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: italienne [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: chinois [natural native speed]
Greg: Chinese
Mailys: chinois [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: chinois [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: les deux [natural native speed]
Greg: both
Mailys: les deux [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: les deux [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: mais [natural native speed]
Greg: but
Mailys: mais [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: mais [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: adorer [natural native speed]
Greg: to love, to adore
Mailys: adorer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: adorer [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: invitation [natural native speed]
Greg: invitation
Mailys: invitation [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: invitation [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: bien sûr [natural native speed]
Greg: of course
Mailys: bien sûr [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: bien sûr [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: quel est… [natural native speed]
Greg: what is…
Mailys: quel est… [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: quel est… [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: ton/ta [natural native speed]
Greg: your
Mailys: ton/ta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: ton/ta [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: numéro de téléphone [natural native speed]
Greg: phone number
Mailys: numéro de téléphone [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: numéro de téléphone [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words from this lesson. Let’s start with cuisine.
Mailys: ‘Cuisine’ is easy to remember because it’s just like the English word.
Greg: It has more meanings than in English though.
Mailys: Yes, it also means cooking in general or the art of cooking.
Greg: You could say you like the way a person cooks by saying...
Mailys: ‘J’aime ta cuisine’, meaning “I like your cooking.”
Greg: ‘La cuisine’ is also “the kitchen”. So you can visit a house and say...
Mailys: ‘j’aime la cuisine’, “I like the kitchen.”
Greg: If you’re coming back from France, you can say...
Mailys: ‘J’aime la cuisine française!’ which means “I like French cuisine!”
Greg: Hmm… I’m getting hungrier now! So in the dialogue, we also mentioned Italian cuisine.
Mailys: Which is ‘la cuisine italienne’
Greg: and Chinese cuisine...
Mailys: which is ‘la cuisine chinoise’
Greg: These two adjectives sound a bit different in the masculine and the feminine, so let’s look at how they change. If you take the masculine form of “Chinese”
Mailys: chinois
Greg: and you add the feminine silent ‘e’, to get
Mailys: chinoise
Greg: In writing, we add ‘e’ but spoken, the difference is a z sound
Mailys: chinois, chinoise.
Greg: The word “Italian” works similarly but the nasal vowel “in” becomes “èn”
Mailys: italien, italienne
Greg: A second ‘n’ is added in the spelling, so the ‘-en’ ending becomes ‘-enne’.
Mailys: But remember that French adjectives don’t start with a capital letter. Check out the lesson notes for more details!
Greg: Finally, let’s have a quick look at the verb ‘adorer.’
Mailys: J’adore le verbe adorer!
Greg: Yes, I love it too…I guess. We saw in lesson 2 that ‘aimer’ can mean “to love” and “to like”, but ‘adorer’ is not so vague.
Mailys: ‘J’adore le café’ means “I love coffee!” Or ‘Il adore la cuisine chinoise,’ means “he loves Chinese cuisine.”
Greg: What about “I love cookies?”
Mailys: Ah, j’adore les biscuits!
Greg: ‘Moi aussi!’ I love cookies too, so…
Mailys: ‘Nous adorons les biscuits!’, “We love cookies.” Now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Greg: The focus of this lesson is numbers 0 to 10.
Mailys: In this lesson, Jacques and Mireille were exchanging phone numbers, so this is a perfect opportunity for us to look at numbers in detail.
Greg: The pronunciation of numbers presents a few difficulties, so it’s important to look at them together. B, can you start with zero and take us to 10?
Mailys: zéro
Greg: zero
Mailys: un
Greg: one
Mailys: deux
Greg: two
Mailys: trois
Greg: three
Mailys: quatre
Greg: four
Mailys: cinq
Greg: five
Mailys: six
Greg: six
Mailys: sept
Greg: seven
Mailys: huit
Greg: eight
Mailys: neuf
Greg: nine
Mailys: dix
Greg: ten
Greg: It’s important to copy B’s pronunciation, as the spelling can be misleading and the words for numbers contain a lot of different vowel sounds. If you need to, go back, listen again and repeat them carefully.
Mailys: When you add a noun to these numbers, you also have to pay attention to liaison.
Greg: Liaison affects numbers 1, 2, 3, 6 and 10. Let’s add the word ami, friend, to numbers 1, 2, 3, 6 and 10, and see what happens.
Mailys: Un plus ami becomes un ami
Greg: add an n sound
Mailys: un ami
Mailys: Deux plus amis becomes deux amis
Greg: add a z sound
Mailys: deux amis
Mailys: Trois plus amis becomes trois amis
Greg: add a z sound
Mailys: trois amis
Mailys: Six plus amis becomes six amis
Greg: the s sound becomes a z sound
Mailys: six amis
Mailys: Dix plus amis becomes dix amis
Greg: the s sound becomes a z sound
Mailys: dix amis
Greg: Now, for numbers 6, 8 and 10, the last consonant is usually silent before another consonant.
Mailys: Six plus cafés becomes six cafés
Mailys: Huit plus cafés becomes huit cafés
Mailys: Dix plus cafés becomes dix cafés
Greg: Listen to the recording again, and try to remember these groups of words so you can then refer to them in case of doubt.
Greg: In this lesson, we will also talk about the possessives ton and ta which mean your.
Mailys: French nouns are either masculine or feminine, so the possessive ton or ta will have to match the gender.
Greg: ton is masculine, and ta is feminine.
Mailys: So le café becomes ton café, your coffee.
Greg: and le numéro becomes ton numéro, your number.
Mailys: La cuisine becomes ta cuisine, your cooking or your kitchen.
Greg: So again, remember, the possessive needs to agree with the noun in gender.
Mailys: ton café, ta cuisine.
Greg: More possessives will be introduced little by little in future lessons, and we will devote lesson 19 to that topic.
Mailys: Listeners, ever have any French language or lesson-related questions?
Greg: Ask a question on the lessons page!
Mailys: It's super simple. Go to FrenchPod101.com...
Greg: ...click on comments,
Mailys: ...enter your comment and name,
Greg: ...and that's it!
Mailys: Commenting is a great way to practice writing and reading in French.
Greg: Go to FrenchPod101.com, and comment now.
Mailys: Come back to listen to our next lesson to find out about Jacques and Mireille’s date!
Greg: See you soon!
Mailys: À bientôt!

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Hi everyone!

Now that you now the numbers, you can ask someone for their phone number :)