Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hello everyone, I’m Greg, and welcome to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 1 - Love at First Sight in France. Thanks for joining us for this series!
Mailys: Bonjour à tous. This is Mailys. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to say the verb “to be” in French, ‘être’.
Greg: Two guys, Jacques and his friend Marcel, are sitting in a café and notice a beautiful girl.
Mailys: They are good friends, so they will be using informal French.
Greg: Let’s listen to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

Jacques Marcel, la fille devant est vraiment belle.
Marcel Ah oui, elle est très belle.
Jacques Elle est seule aussi.
Marcel Oui, comme toi.
Jacques Elle est belle, elle est seule et moi, je suis… je suis… amoureux!
Marcel Tu es amoureux?! Déjà?!
Gerg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jacques Marcel, la fille devant est vraiment belle.
Marcel Ah oui, elle est très belle.
Jacques Elle est seule aussi.
Marcel Oui, comme toi.
Jacques Elle est belle, elle est seule et moi, je suis… je suis… amoureux!
Marcel Tu es amoureux?! Déjà?!
Gerg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Jacques Marcel, la fille devant est vraiment belle.
Greg: Marcel, the girl in front is really pretty.
Marcel Ah oui, elle est très belle.
Greg: Oh yes, she's very pretty.
Jacques Elle est seule aussi.
Greg: She's alone, too.
Marcel Oui, comme toi.
Greg: Yes, like you.
Jacques Elle est belle, elle est seule et moi, je suis… je suis… amoureux!
Greg: She's pretty, she's single and I'm… I'm… in love!
Marcel Tu es amoureux?! Déjà?!
Greg: You’re in love?! Already?!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Greg: So, Mailys... learning a second language takes a lot of time and effort, but English speakers learning French have one major advantage - cognates.
Mailys: Definitely! These are words that are similar in both languages.
Greg: Right. Over 1000 years ago, a large number of French words entered the English language. Although these words have evolved separately for a long time, many words are still easily recognizable.
Mailys: For example, in this lesson, we had ‘seul’
Greg: which means “sole”, as in “single”
Mailys: ‘amoureux’
Greg: meaning “amorous”
Greg: or more recent borrowings like ‘beau’, ‘belle’ and ‘déjà’ as in déjà-vu
Mailys: which means “already seen” or “seen before”.
Greg: While you need to pay attention to the French pronunciation of these words, you should definitely use these cognates to your advantage! Ok, let’s move on to the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: fille [natural native speed]
Greg: girl, daughter
Mailys: fille [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: fille [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: devant [natural native speed]
Greg: in front, ahead
Mailys: devant [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: devant [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: vraiment [natural native speed]
Greg: really
Mailys: vraiment [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: vraiment [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: être [natural native speed]
Greg: to be
Mailys: être [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: être [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: très [natural native speed]
Greg: very
Mailys: très [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: très [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: beau, belle [natural native speed]
Greg: beautiful, handsome, pretty
Mailys: beau, belle [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: beau, belle [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: seul [natural native speed]
Greg: alone, sole, single, lonely, only
Mailys: seul [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: seul [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: aussi [natural native speed]
Greg: too, also
Mailys: aussi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: aussi [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: comme [natural native speed]
Greg: as, like
Mailys: comme [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: comme [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: toi [natural native speed]
Greg: you
Mailys: toi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: toi [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: et [natural native speed]
Greg: and
Mailys: et [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: et [natural native speed]
Last:
Mailys: déjà [natural native speed]
Greg: already
Mailys: déjà [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: déjà [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Let’s start with ‘seul’.
Mailys: ‘Seul’ has a lot of meanings in French.
Greg: It does, but they all revolve around the concept of “only one”.
Mailys: Yes, ‘Jacques est seul’ can mean that Jacques is “alone”, “single” or “lonely”.
Greg: This may seem confusing, but the meaning is usually clear from the context.
Mailys: In the dialogue, when Jacques and Marcel say about the girl “elle est seule”, they don’t know if she is single or lonely, so they mean that she is alone.
Greg: ‘Seul’ is a typical French adjective - to make it feminine, simply add ‘-e’ at the end of the word. However, this ‘-e’ is not pronounced. We distinguish the masculine and feminine forms in writing, but spoken, they sound the same
Mailys: ‘il est seul,’
Greg: “He is single”
Mailys: ‘elle est seule’
Greg: “she is single”
Greg: Let’s now look at another adjective, ‘beau’, which means good-looking.
Mailys: ‘Jacques est beau’ means “Jacques is handsome.” You have the word ‘beau’ in English so it’s easy to remember. What about the feminine form?
Greg: Beau has an irregular feminine form, ‘belle’, meaning “pretty” or “beautiful”. So “Mireille is beautiful” becomes…
Mailys: ‘Mireille est belle.’
Greg: Exactly. So if I want to say “I’m handsome”, I’d say ‘je suis beau’.
Mailys: And I’d say ‘je suis belle!’
Greg: Let's now look at the adverb ‘vraiment’, meaning “really” or “truly”.
Mailys: In English, adverbs are constructed by adding “-ly” to adjectives, but in French, we add ‘ment’.
Greg: ‘Vraiment’ is made from ‘vrai’, meaning “true”, and “you” ‘-ment’.
Mailys: ‘Elle est vraiment belle …’
Greg: means “she is really pretty.” You can also turn other adjectives into adverbs.
Mailys: If you take ‘seul’ and you add ‘ment’ you get ‘seulement’, meaning “only”.
Greg: And don’t forget - French adverbs go after the verb! Ok, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Greg: In this lesson, you’ll learn about the verb “to be” in French.
Mailys: ‘être’.
Greg: It’s probably the most common verb in French, so it’s really important to learn it right from the beginning. Let’s look at the present tense conjugation.
Mailys: je suis
Greg: I am
Mailys: tu es
Greg: you are (informal singular)
Mailys: il est /elle est
Greg: he is / she is
Mailys: nous sommes
Greg: we are
Mailys: vous êtes
Greg: you are (polite or plural)
Mailys: ils sont / elles sont
Greg: they are (ils is masculine, elles is feminine)
Mailys: Since ‘être’ is an irregular verb, in writing, every person has a different form.
Greg: But spoken, ‘tu es’ and ‘il est’ sound the same.
Mailys: Can you explain what happens with ‘vous’?
Greg: The final ‘s’ in ‘vous’ is silent, but before a vowel, it sounds like a ‘z’, so we get…
Mailys: ‘vous êtes..... ‘vous êtes’ [once separating syllables, then once normally]. This process is called liaison.
Greg: A lot of French words end in a consonant that isn’t pronounced. But when the next word starts with a vowel, that consonant can surface again.
Mailys: If you think of ‘vous êtes’ as a single unit, you won’t forget liaison. Just remember this compliment - ‘vous êtes belle!’ or ‘vous êtes beau!’
Greg: Merci, Mailys!
Mailys: ‘De rien,’ “you’re welcome.”
Greg: Here are some other examples of how you can use ‘être’
Mailys: Jacques est devant moi
Greg: Jacques is in front of me.
Mailys: Vous êtes belle
Greg: You are beautiful.
Mailys: Ils sont seuls
Greg: They are alone.
Greg: The adjective that follows the verb to be agrees in number and gender with the subject.
Mailys: That's why we have ‘vous êtes belle’...
Greg: where ‘belle’ is feminine singular because ‘vous’ refers to a woman in this example,
Mailys: and ‘ils sont seuls’...
Greg: where ‘seuls’ is masculine plural, like the subject.
Mailys: A, in the dialogue, Marcel says ‘comme toi’, meaning “like you”, and Jacques says ‘moi, je suis amoureux,’ meaning “I’m in love.” Can you tell us about ‘moi’ and ‘toi’?
Greg: ‘Moi’ and ‘toi’ are called strong pronouns. They have the same meaning as ‘je’ and ‘tu’, but they are used away from the verb.
Mailys: ‘Je’ and ‘tu’ are always stuck to the verb, but ‘moi’ and ‘toi’ can be alone or with a preposition.
Greg: For instance, if I ask …”who wants pizza?”
Mailys: ‘Moi!’
Greg: And to say “in front of you”, what would you say?
Mailys: Devant toi.
Greg: In English, we can emphasize the subject and say You’re not alone, but not in French.
Mailys: Instead, we add a strong pronoun -- “moi, je suis seul”.
Greg: That’s why we sometimes hear French speakers say things like “Me, I’m hungry”. Here are some more examples
Mailys: Moi, je suis seul
Greg: I’m alone
Mailys: Toi, tu es belle
Greg: You are pretty
Greg: Ok, that’s it for this lesson!
Mailys: Want a free way to build your French vocabulary?
Greg: Follow our French Word of the Day at FrenchPod101.com!
Mailys: See and hear the word of the day...
Greg: ...plus sample phrases and sentences!
Mailys: Get these daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook, Twitter and the FrenchPod101.com Blog!
Greg: And add this widget to your own website or blog! Get these easy instructions at FrenchPod101.com/French-phrases
Greg: Join us for the next lesson to find out if Jacques will talk to Mireille!
Mailys: I can’t wait! À bientôt!
Greg: See you soon!

12 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone!

Now that we know how to use the verb "to be," you can make sentences on your own!

Frenchpod101.comVerified
Thursday at 4:36 am
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Bonjour Chepita et merci pour votre commentaire !


You can use the international keyboard, which requires a simple control panel configuration on your computer !


Otherwise :


à : ALT + 133 À ALT + 0192


â : ALT + 131 Â ALT + 0194


ä : ALT + 132 Ä ALT + 142


ç : ALT + 135 Ç ALT + 128


é : ALT + 130 É ALT + 144


è : ALT + 138 È ALT + 0200


ê : ALT + 136 Ê ALT + 0202


ë : ALT + 137 Ë ALT + 0203


î : ALT + 140 Î ALT + 0206


ï : ALT + 139 Ï ALT + 0207


ô : ALT + 147 Ô ALT + 0212


ù : ALT + 151 Ù ALT + 0217


û : ALT + 150 Û ALT + 0219


ü : ALT + 129 Ü ALT + 154


A bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

chepita shaver
Sunday at 10:38 am
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How to place the small dot on words like Deja.

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:40 am
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Bonjour Antonio et merci pour votre commentaire !


Il faut dire : J'espère beaucoup apprendre.

Je l'espère aussi ! :smile:

Si vous avez besoin d'aide, demandez moi !


Bonne semaine !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Antonio García
Monday at 5:10 am
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Salut à tous, aujourd'hui est mon premier jour, je l'espère apprendre beaucoup

Gloria
Friday at 2:47 pm
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Le mot “seul” est intéressant. Ils sont seuls et ils sont seuls mais ils ne sont pas seuls.


(The word “seul” is interesting. They are single and they are alone but they are not lonely.)

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Sunday at 1:36 am
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Bonsoir J'aime le premier cours !


Great to have your here and to hear you're enjoying the lessons!

Thank you for your comment !


Mélanie

Team FrenchPod101.com

J'aime le premier cours.
Saturday at 4:06 am
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I enjoyed the first lesson. I found it understandable and easy to follow.

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Friday at 7:18 pm
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Bonsoir Francesca !


Enchantée de faire votre connaissance !

Your sentences are perfect, congratulations !


Thank you for your comment !


Mélanie

Team FrenchPod101.com

Francesca
Tuesday at 4:27 am
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Bonsoir!

Je m'appelle Francesca et je suis italienne.

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 2:47 pm
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Bonjour Moto !


Enchantée de faire votre connaissance !

Nice to meet you !

These are perfect sentences, congratulations !


I hope you enjoy the lessons !


Thank you for your comment.


Mélanie

Team FrenchPod101.com