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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody! Candice here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I'll answer your most common French questions.
The question for this lesson is How do I form the future tenses, and when should I use them?
There are two future tenses in French—the futur proche and futur simple. Proche means “near.” When we use futur proche, we’re talking about the near future, things that will happen soon. Conjugation is easy. We use the present tense of aller, “to go” and then add the infinitive. So the verb nager, “to swim,” becomes...
Je vais nager meaning “I’m going to swim”
Tu vas nager meaning “You’re going to swim”
Il va nager meaning “He’s going to swim”
And so on.
Here’s another example – Bon, nous allons apprendre le futur simple. It means “Alright, we’re going to learn futur simple!” To make the futur simple, we add the stem plus the ending. The verb stem for -er and -ir verbs is just the infinitive. So the verb stem for nager is nager. The verb stem for finir, “to finish,” is finir. For -re verbs, we drop the e. So vendre becomes vendr, spelled v-e-n-d-r. The endings are very similar to the present conjugation of avoir. They’re always the same, -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont.
But there are irregular stems which you will have to memorize. We’ll go through the most important ones now, saying the verb, its stem, a sample conjugation, and its translation -
Aller, ir, j’irai, “I will go”
Être, ser, tu seras, “You will be”
Avoir, aur, il aura, “He will have”
Pourvoir, pourr, nous pourrons, “We will be able to”
Vouloir, voudr, vous voudrez, “You will want to”
Venir, viendr, elles viendront, “They will come”
Savoir, saur, je saurai, “I will know”
Faire, fer, tu feras, “You will do or make”
Envoyer, enverr, elle enverra, “She will send.”
Use the futur proche for the near future and futur simple for things that are further in the future. If you are going to go swimming right after this lesson, use futur proche. It would be Je vais nager. If you will swim in the ocean on your vacation in Barcelona, use futur simple. Je nagerai dans la mer. Futur simple is also used in some forms, like “if” statements. But we will cover those in later lessons, so don’t worry about it now. If you use mostly futur proche when speaking, you’ll be just fine.
If you have any more questions, please leave a comment below!
A bientôt, see you soon!

11 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What French learning question do you have?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:47 AM
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Bonjour Denitsa,

Malheureusement, nous ne pouvons pas ajouter tous les verbes du troisième groupe à cette leçon, mais si tu as besoin de vérifier la conjugaison de certains verbes, n'hésite pas à utiliser "la conjugaison nouvelobs". C'est un site web qui propose des fiches détaillées pour chaque verbe et leurs différentes conjugaisons selon le temps choisi. Ça devrait t'être utile, à mon avis ! 😄


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101.com

Denitsa
Thursday at 08:12 AM
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C'est très facile. Est-ce que vous pouvez ajouter les autres verbes comme falloir, pleuvoir, devoir, valoir?

Frenchpod101.com
Monday at 01:35 AM
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Merci Peter pour votre gentil message.


Bon dimanche !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Peter P
Friday at 03:42 AM
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Today I learned Futur Simple from Candice. To make futur simple, we need to add a stem + an ending. The endings are as same as the present conjugation of avoir. Merci Candice.

Frenchpod101.com
Monday at 04:07 AM
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Merci pour votre suggestion Karen !


Bon dimanche !

Marie Alice

TeamFrenchPod101.com

Karen
Wednesday at 10:10 PM
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S'il vous plaît, la partie pédagogique de la vidéo devrait être en français au niveau intermédiaire. J'apprends tellement plus comme ça. Merci.

Frenchpod101.com
Tuesday at 05:49 AM
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Bonjour Yassine et merci pour votre message.


Vous allez bien ?


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Yassine
Wednesday at 08:35 PM
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Clear lesson thank you

Frenchpod101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:57 PM
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Bonjour Mehrasa and thank your for your comment!


We fixed the issue!

Have a nice day

Marie Alice

Team FrencPod101.com

mehrasa heydarian
Tuesday at 02:56 AM
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Dear Candice


First of all, thank you for the efforts you and your colleagues made to create these websites and I have just started using that. In this lesson (future tence), there is a mistake in the video in the part you mention about the endings for future simple.

instead of using -ez , you mention - et. I checked whether I am wrong but as I understood, it should be -ez/ .

Also, here in the text, you mention 7 endings (They’re always the same, -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -et, -ont.).I don't know maybe there are different verbs with the different endings in the second person plural form.

Thank you again for your lessons.


Regards

Mehrasa