Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Karen says,
"It’s hot today."
Il fait chaud aujourd'hui.
Let's start with the word, chaud, meaning "hot," as in the temperature. Chaud (enunciated). Chaud.
Before chaud is Il fait, literally, "it makes," but translates as "it’s," in this context. Il fait
First is Il, "It." Il (enunciated). Il.
Next is fait, translating as “is,” in this context. Fait (enunciated). Fait.
Note: fait is from the verb faire, meaning "to do," or "to make," but in this instance, when talking about the weather, it translates as "to be." Faire.
Last is aujourd’hui, meaning "today." Aujourd’hui (enunciated). Aujourd’hui.
All together, il fait chaud aujourd’hui, literally, "It makes hot today," but translates as "It’s hot today." Il fait chaud aujourd’hui.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how Fleur Toussaint says:
"Yes, indeed."
(pause 5 seconds)
Oui. En effet.
This starts with the expression, oui, meaning "yes." Oui. (enunciated). Oui.
After this, en effet. Literally, "in fact," or in this case, a more natural translation, "Indeed." En effet (enunciated). En effet.
All together: Oui, en effet.
Yes, indeed. Oui, en effet.
The pattern is
Il fait { adjective } aujourd’hui.
It is { adjective } today.
Il fait { adjective } aujourd’hui.
To use this pattern, simply replace the { adjective } placeholder with a suitable adjective.
In this lesson, you'll learn adjectives related to the weather that you can use with this pattern.
Imagine it's cold. Froid. "Cold." Froid (enunciated). Froid.
Say
"It’s cold today."
Ready?
Il fait froid aujourd'hui.
"It’s cold today.
Il fait froid aujourd'hui.
In French, you can’t use any adjective with the construction, il fait. It’s restricted to a small set of adjectives, such as the adjectives covered in this lesson and some others:
mauvais, “bad weather,” lourd, “heavy, sultry,” gris, “grey.”
Other adjectives appear in more complex sentences, or different patterns altogether.

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Did you know the expressions introduced in this lesson?