Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Virginie:Hello, everyone, bonjour. This is Virginie.
Eric: Bonjour. Eric here! Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 12 - Making Your French Birthday List by Using the Negative to State What You Don't Have!
Virginie: Hello, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Season 1 at FrenchPOD101.com, where we study modern French in a fun, educational format!
Eric: Right. So, brush up on the French that you started learning long ago, or start learning right away.
Virginie: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. I'm here with Eric. How are you doing, Eric, today?
Eric: I'm pretty good.
Virginie: What are we going to talk about today?
Eric: Well Rob and Cathy are leaving the wine tasting event. They are going back to their respective houses.
Virginie: And I assume they will be talking about what they don't have.
Eric: Exactly. Well let's find out.
Virginie: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Rob: Tu habites loin?
Cathy: Oui, à Versailles.
Rob: Tu as une voiture?
Cathy: Non, je n’ai pas de voiture.
Rob: Tu as un abonnement de métro?
Cathy: Oui, bien sûr.
Eric: One more time with the translation.
Rob: Tu habites loin?
Eric: Do you live far?
Cathy: Oui, à Versailles.
Virginie: Yes, in Versailles.
Rob: Tu as une voiture?
Eric: Do you have a car?
Cathy: Non, je n’ai pas de voiture.
Virginie: No, I don’t have a car.
Rob: Tu as un abonnement de métro?
Eric: Do you have a monthly subway pass?
Cathy: Oui, bien sûr.
Virginie: Yes, of course.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Versailes, where is that exactly?
Virginie: It's one hour south west from Paris.
Eric: And the chateau is a must see.
Virginie: Of course. And there is something really fun to do in the Chateau's park.
Eric: Oh yes, what's that?
Virginie: You can have a boat ride on the canal.
Eric: Wow.
Virginie: Yes, it's beautiful. And it makes you think that you're a king or a queen or something. It's pretty nice. That gives you another perspective on the Castle.
Eric: Right. So after a long visit in the castle, go take out a row boat!
Virginie: Yes it's really relaxing. And the park is very, very nice too.
Eric: And if you aren't that interested in the castle, you can just go directly to the park.
Virginie: Oui. The access is very, very cheap, a couple of euros I think.
Eric: Bargain, nice.
Virginie: It is, it's very nice.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Well, let's hear a little vocabulary.
Virginie: Fist, Loin [natural native speed]
Eric: Far.
Virginie: Loin [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Loin [natural native speed]
Eric: And then.
Virginie: Une voiture [natural native speed]
Eric: A car.
Virginie: Une voiture [slowly - broken down by syllable] Une voiture [natural native speed]
Eric: Next.
Virginie: Un abonnement [natural native speed]
Eric: A subscription, a pass.
Virginie: Un abonnement [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Un abonnement [natural native speed]
Eric: Then.
Virginie: Métro [natural native speed]
Eric: Subway.
Virginie: Métro [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Métro [natural native speed]
Eric: Next.
Virginie: Bien sûr [natural native speed]
Eric: Of course.
Virginie: Bien sûr [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Bien sûr [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Eric: So the first phrase we're going to look at is?
Virginie: It is ""loin.""
Eric: And ""loin"" means far.
Virginie: Oui. Rob asked Cathy ""tu habites loin?""
Eric: Do you live far?
Virginie: See, it's just like in English. All you have to do is add ""loin"" after the verb.
Eric: And it also means far away
Virginie: Yes, for example if you want to say you are far away, you will say ""tu es loin.""
Eric: What else?
Virginie: An important word if you live in the country is, you always need a car in the country.
Eric: Indeed.
Virginie: But if you live in Southern France you will hear the word ""une auto"" to refer to a car and not ""une voiture.""
Eric: Really?
Virginie: And that's spelled AUTO. It's short for automobile.
Eric: Some words do vary from one French region to another?
Virginie: Exactly, oui. Each region has its own phrases too.
Eric: I've heard that the word ""plastic bag"" is different in the North and in the South.
Virginie: Yes, it's true. In the north they say ""un sac plastique.""
Eric: Plastic bag.
Virginie: Exactly. And in the South they say ""une poche plastique.""
Eric: Une poche.
Virginie: But really most of the time French people understand each other! No worries.

Lesson focus

Eric: Okay, great. Well, let's jump in to some grammar. So our focus today is how to say you don't have something.
Virginie: Yes. Like in our dialogue, Cathy says, ""je n'ai pas de voiture.""
Eric: And that's ""I don't have a car.""
Virginie: Now remember in a previous lesson we saw how to say ""I have something.""
Eric: Yes, I would say ""j'ai une voiture.""
Virginie: I have a car. So far so good. We have j'ai…
Eric: To say, I have.
Virginie: And then we have ""une voiture.""
Eric: And that's ""a car"", the indefinite article ""une"" and voiture ""car.""
Virginie: Now to say that you don't have a car
Eric: All you do is squeeze the verb between n' and pas.
Virginie: Absolutely. Je n'ai pas.
Eric: And then add the word ""de"" right after.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de.
Eric: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Eric: Notice that now we got rid of the indefinite article ""une.""
Virginie: Yes the indefinite article just disappears. Instead we say pas de.
Eric: One more time, Virginie?
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Eric: And what it really means is ""I don't have a car in general.""
Virginie: Yes. Now if you want to say you don't have the car.
Eric: So like if we're talking about a specific car?
Virginie: Yes. You will say ""Je n'ai pas LA voiture.""
Eric: So all you do is again squeeze your verb between ""n'"" and ""pas.""
Virginie: And that's Je n'ai pas.
Eric: Then you add your definite article.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la.
Eric: And finally, ""car.""
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la voiture.
Eric: Let's hear both sentences one more time?
Virginie: Bien sur. Of course.
Eric: I don't have a car.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas DE voiture.
Eric: I don't have the car.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la voiture.
Eric: Excellent. Right, so that would how you say you don't have something.

Outro

Virginie: Yes. I think you're all set for today! But before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Eric: Indeed. The voice recording tool.
Virginie: Yes, we have the voice recording tool in the premium learning center on FrenchPod101.com.
Eric: Right. Record your voice with just a click of a button.
Virginie: And then you can play it back just as easily.
Eric: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Virginie: You can compare it to the native speakers...
Eric: … and improve your pronunciation!
Virginie: Thank you. Au revoir.
Eric: Thank you very much.

Grammar

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47 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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How do you get around in your town?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:41 PM
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Hi Ansh,


Thank you for leaving the comment.

If you are looking for more in-depth grammar info, please check out our Grammar Bank:

https://www.frenchpod101.com/french-grammar/

You will find grammar points and related lessons. 👍


Then when it comes to verb conjugation, we have a chart for it:

https://www.frenchpod101.com/learningcenter/reference/conjugation_list/


If you have any questions, please let us know.

Cheers,

Lena

Team FrenchPod101.com

Ansh.
Saturday at 01:27 AM
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It is such a funny fact, as I continue to say in my other comments. You have even mentioned the verbs - du, de le, de l', des etc in this lesson at the end. Yeah that's the funny fact. You simply have mentioned them and see what's written "verbs used in this lesson". But where is the explanation? You haven't taught to use those verbs. Talking about explaining the Grammer in detail is far...

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 05:41 PM
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Bonjour Ahmad,

Attention, "voiture" est un nom féminin donc il faut dire "mais elles ne sont pas nouvelles". 😉


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101.com

Dr. Ahmad Bajoudah
Monday at 08:15 PM
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Bonjour a tous

J'ai trois voitures mais ils ne sont pas nouveaux

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Friday at 05:53 PM
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Bonjour Amy,

I get what you mean, and here it's a question of pronunciation! You simply can't have two vowels next to each other (I know there's an H before the O in homme, but it's silent so pronunciation-wise, it doesn't matter), it's too difficult to pronounce. Hence the change of article! ;-)


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101.com

Amy
Friday at 03:00 AM
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Bonjour!


I wonder if you can explain something to me. When I was reading the examples in the grammar section under this part:


We also use the contracted articles to complete a noun as in:


la femme du boulanger

"the baker's wife"

la veste de l'homme

"the man's jacket"


I understand that 'du' was used in the first example as the noun 'boulanger' is masculine, but I was unsure why 'de' was used in the second example is I thought 'homme' was masculine also?


Many thanks! :)

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:37 PM
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Bonjour Derya,

C'est le plus pratique !


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101

Derya Gedikli
Sunday at 07:29 PM
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Bonjour ,

Nous avons une voiture pour la famille mais je n'utilise pas beaucoup pendant la semaine . J'ai un abonnement de bus.

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 08:47 PM
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Bonjour Débora,

Attention aux apocopes : je n'ai pas d'abonnement de métro, j'ai un abonnement d'autobus.


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101

Débora
Tuesday at 08:34 AM
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Je n'ai pas un abonnement de métro, J'ai un abonnement de autobus.