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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Yasmine: And I'm Yasmine.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know French Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 6. Asking About Time.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for asking about time.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "When does the train arrive?"
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Yasmine: [slow] Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Eric: The pattern for asking about time has 4 elements. First, the adverb "when."
Yasmine: Quand.
Eric: Second, the polite form to ask something meaning, "is it that...?"
Yasmine: est-ce que.
Eric: Third, the subject, in this case "the train."
Yasmine: le train.
Eric: And last, the verb "to arrive," conjugated in the third person singular.
Yasmine: arrive.
Eric: Altogether, we have "When does the train arrive?"
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive? [slow] Quand est-ce que le train arrive? [normal] Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Eric: First you have the adverb meaning "when." This is followed by the polite form of asking a question, literally meaning "is it that." It’s used quite similar to the English auxiliaries "do" or "does." Finally, we have a complement, which is most often a subject (an article and a noun) followed by a verb, and sometimes an extra complement.
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Eric: So remember, to ask when something is going to happen, start with the adverb "when," followed by the polite form of asking a question, and what you want to know.
Eric: Here's another example meaning, "When do we eat?" First, the adverb "when."
Yasmine: Quand.
Eric: Second, the polite form to ask something meaning, "is it that...?"
Yasmine: est-ce qu'.
Eric: Third, the subject, in this case "we" or "one."
Yasmine: on.
Eric: And last, the verb "to eat," conjugated in the third person singular, which is usually used to mean "we."
Yasmine: mange.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on mange? [slow] Quand est-ce qu'on mange? [normal] Quand est-ce qu'on mange?
Eric: "When do we eat?"
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on mange?
Eric: How do you say - "When will we have a barbecue?" To give you a hint, "we have a barbecue" is...
Yasmine: on fait un barbecue. [slow] on fait un barbecue. [normal] on fait un barbecue.
Eric: "When will we have a barbecue?"
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue? [slow] Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue? [normal] Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue?
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue?
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in French. Here we go.
Eric: "When does the train arrive?"
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Eric: "When do we eat?"
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on mange?
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on mange?
Eric: "When will we have a barbecue?"
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue?
[pause]
Yasmine: Quand est-ce qu'on fait un barbecue?

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for asking about time, as in...
Yasmine: Quand est-ce que le train arrive?
Eric: meaning "When does the train arrive?"
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on FrenchPod101.com. Thanks, everyone, see you next time!
Yasmine: A la prochaine!

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Try translating this question, "When is your birthday?"