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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Eric: Hi everyone, I'm Eric.
Yasmine: And I'm Yasmine.
Eric: And welcome to Must-Know French Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 11. Talking About the Future.
Eric: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing something in the future.
PATTERN
Eric: For example, "I will go to the cinema tomorrow."
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Yasmine: [slow] Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Eric: The pattern for describing something in the future has 4 elements. First, the pronoun, in this case "I."
Yasmine: Je.
Eric: Second, the verb "to go," conjugated in the first person singular.
Yasmine: vais.
Eric: Third, a verb in the infinitive form, in this case “to go.”
Yasmine: aller.
Eric: And last, the complement, in this case "to the cinema tomorrow."
Yasmine: au cinéma demain.
Eric: Altogether, we have "I will go to the cinema tomorrow."
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain. [slow] Je vais aller au cinéma demain. [normal] Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Eric: First you have a pronoun, then the verb "to go" conjugated according to the pronoun. This plays a similar role to the English auxiliary "will." Then we have a verb in the infinitive form, and lastly the complement.
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Eric: So remember, to describe something in the future, start with a pronoun, then the verb "to go" conjugated according to the pronoun, a verb in the infinitive form, and then the thing you want to describe.
Eric: Here's another example meaning, "I will read a book on the plane." First, the pronoun, in this case "I."
Yasmine: Je.
Eric: Second, the verb "to go," conjugated in the first person singular.
Yasmine: vais.
Eric: Third, a verb in the infinitive form, in this case “to read.”
Yasmine: lire.
Eric: And last, the complement, in this case "a book on the plane."
Yasmine: un livre dans l'avion.
Eric: Altogether we have...
Yasmine: Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion. [slow] Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion. [normal] Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion.
Eric: "I will read a book on the plane."
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion.
Eric: How do you say - "I will make crêpes for dinner." To give you a hint, "to make crepes for dinner" is...
Yasmine: faire des crêpes pour le dîner. [slow] faire des crêpes pour le dîner. [normal] faire des crêpes pour le dîner.
Eric: "I will make crêpes for dinner."
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner. [slow] Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner. [normal] Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner.
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner.
REVIEW
Eric: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I’ll give you the English equivalent of the phrase, and you’re responsible for shouting it out loud in French. Here we go.
Eric: "I will go to the cinema tomorrow."
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Eric: "I will read a book on the plane."
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion.
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais lire un livre dans l'avion.
Eric: "I will make crêpes for dinner."
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner.
[pause]
Yasmine: Je vais faire des crêpes pour le dîner.

Outro

Eric: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing something in the future, as in...
Yasmine: Je vais aller au cinéma demain.
Eric: meaning "I will go to the cinema tomorrow."
Eric: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on FrenchPod101.com. Thanks, everyone, see you next time!
Yasmine: A la prochaine!

21 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What will you do next weekend?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:00 PM
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Bonjour Ofentse,

I'll give you some links to useful lessons however do note that learning these things take a bit of time. I can help with conjugation, but to speak fluently there's no secret : you have to practice, on your own and with other people. Once you've nailed the pronunciation and you have enough vocab to handle a conversation, you have to try and actually speak so your fluency gets better.


A recap on conjugation:

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/all-about-3-painless-french-grammar/


Future tenses:

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-questions-answered-by-candice-2-future-tenses/


Past tenses:

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-candice-22-when-should-you-use-le-passe-compose-or-limparfait/

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-candice-5-what-is-the-participe-passe/

https://www.frenchpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-questions-answered-by-candice-18-do-you-use-etre-or-avoir-in-the-passe-compose/


Bon courage !


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101

Ofentse
Tuesday at 11:01 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bonjuour

I am taking my IGCSE french speaking test on Thursday.

My teacher says I don't have proper conjugation of verbs in future and past tense

I also can't speak fluently.what lesson should I take?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:37 AM
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Bonjour Richard,

Il existe des listes succinctes de verbes irréguliers au futur simple, comme celles-ci par exemple : https://wwwling.arts.kuleuven.be/alfagram/Temps/verbe/futur/firreg.htm

Pour une liste plus complexe, il faudra te procurer un répertoire.


Bonne journée,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101

Richard Green
Monday at 09:46 PM
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Où puis-je trouver une liste des tiges de verbe irrégulier pour l'avenir simple?

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:25 PM
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Bonjour Naizgi,

You're right, "demain" is used with the future. In this lesson, it is used both with the futur de l'indicatif (ex, j'irai te voir) and the futur proche (je vais aller au cinéma).

The futur proche is formed with the verb "aller" conjugated in present and followed with an infinitive verb: je vais aller, il va voir, nous allons dire, etc.


Hope this helps! 😄


À bientôt,

Marion

Team FrenchPod101.com

Naizgi
Friday at 08:15 PM
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Great lesson but I think demain is in future simple eg demain je irais au cinema

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 08:44 PM
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Bonjour NanaAkuaMensah !

Merci beaucoup pour votre message ! 😉 We are very happy to have you here studying with us.


Bonjour Whittier Strong,

Please note that the vocabulary section of our lessons only contains the key vocab. If you miss something from there and want to add it to your Flashcards or Word Bank, you can still do it by looking the word up in the French Dictionary at https://www.frenchpod101.com/french-dictionary/.


If any of you ever have any questions, please let us know! Good luck!


A bientôt,

Levente

Team FrenchPod101.com

Frenchpod101.com
Sunday at 02:21 AM
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Bonjour Alaa et merci pour votre message.


La leçon sur le futur simple: https://www.frenchpod101.com/2017/06/23/intermediate-questions-answered-by-candice-2-future-tenses/


Bonne journée et à bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Whittier Strong
Thursday at 10:46 PM
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I would have loved the ability to put the adverbial locutions into my flashcards. I struggle with locutions much more than individual vocabulary words.

NanaAkuaMensah
Friday at 03:12 AM
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French lesson is the best😁😁😁😎👍