Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hi everyone, and welcome back to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 2 Lesson 23, When Does this French Store Close? I’m Brandon!
Yasmine: Bonjour. I'm Yasmine.
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask about the hours of operation of a business or store. The conversation takes place in a store.
Yasmine: It’s between David and Florent.
Brandon: The speakers are not friends, so they’ll be using formal French. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
David : Excusez-moi, à quelle heure le magasin ferme ce soir ?
Florent : À 20h00.
David : Et à quelle heure ouvrez-vous demain ?
Florent : Demain c'est dimanche donc nous sommes fermés. Nous ouvrons lundi à 8h00.
David : D'accord, merci !
Brandon: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
David : Excusez-moi, à quelle heure le magasin ferme ce soir ?
Florent : À 20h00.
David : Et à quelle heure ouvrez-vous demain ?
Florent : Demain c'est dimanche donc nous sommes fermés. Nous ouvrons lundi à 20h00.
David : D'accord, merci !
Brandon: Listen to the conversation with an English translation.
David : Excusez-moi, à quelle heure le magasin ferme ce soir ?
Brandon: Excuse me, what time does the store close tonight?
Florent : À 20h00.
Brandon: At 8 pm.
David : Et à quelle heure ouvrez-vous demain ?
Brandon: And what time do you open in the morning?
Florent : Demain c'est dimanche donc nous sommes fermés. Nous ouvrons lundi à 8h00.
Brandon:Tomorrow is Sunday, so we’re closed. We open on Monday at 8 am.
David : D'accord, merci !
Brandon: Ok, thank you!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: French stores aren't usually open every day, right?
Yasmine: That’s right. Shops and restaurants are closed some days to give the employees some time off.
Brandon: It’s usually Sunday. For museums, it’s generally Monday or Tuesday, but stores may choose any day.
Yasmine: That’s right. And stores in a neighborhood often decide together who will close what day so that everything isn't closed on the same day.
Brandon: What about the hours? Compared to countries like Japan or Canada, shops in France close early, right?
Yasmine: Yes. Plus they’re closed on Sundays! And you can't find a shop open at midnight.
Brandon: I have to say, that sounds quite inconvenient.
Yasmine: Well, we’re used to it!
Brandon: How can you ask about when a store will open or close?
Yasmine: You can use ouverture for “opening time” and fermeture for “closing time”.
Brandon: Now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Brandon: The first word is..
Yasmine: excuser [natural native speed]
Brandon: to excuse, to forgive, to pardon
Yasmine: excuser [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: excuser [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: magasin [natural native speed]
Brandon: store
Yasmine: magasin [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: magasin [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: fermer [natural native speed]
Brandon: to close
Yasmine: fermer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: fermer [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: ouvrir [natural native speed]
Brandon: to open
Yasmine: ouvrir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: ouvrir [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: demain [natural native speed]
Brandon: tomorrow
Yasmine: demain [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: demain [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: dimanche [natural native speed]
Brandon: Sunday
Yasmine: dimanche [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: dimanche [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: lundi [natural native speed]
Brandon: Monday
Yasmine: lundi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: lundi [natural native speed]
Brandon: Last we have..
Yasmine: fermé [natural native speed]
Brandon: closed
Yasmine: fermé [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: fermé [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Yasmine: "s’excuser"
Brandon: which means "to apologise".
Yasmine: "S'excuser" is a pronominal verb. It must be conjugated with a reflexive pronoun - which is written “s” apostrophe, the shortened version of "se", or “m” apostrophe, the shortened version of me.
Brandon: This is because the subject performing the action of the verb is the same as the object being acted upon.
Yasmine: That’s right. For example, "Je m'excuse".
Brandon: “I apologise”. What else do we need to know?
Yasmine: "S'excuser" may require the preposition "de" in order for its meaning to be complete, but you don’t always need it.
Brandon: Can you give us an example?
Yasmine: "Je m'excuse de vous déranger".
Brandon: “I apologize for interrupting you”. When would you not use this expression?
Yasmine: If you want to be very polite, you have to say "Présenter ses excuses".
Brandon: Literally this means "to present apologies". It's more formal.
Yasmine: For example, "Je te présente mes excuses".
Brandon: “I apologise”. Can you give us a more complete example?
Yasmine: Sure! "Je m'excuse d'avoir mis si longtemps à vous répondre".
Brandon: "I apologise for my late reply". Okay, next we have...
Yasmine: "Hier",
Brandon: meaning “yesterday”. Let’s go over some other words describing relative time. First we have...
Yasmine: Aujourd'hui
Brandon: “today”
Yasmine: Demain
Brandon: “tomorrow”
Yasmine: Après-demain
Brandon: “the day after tomorrow"
Yasmine: Aujourd'hui comes from au +‎ jour +‎ de +‎ hui.
Brandon: This translates to “on the day of today”. The phrase literally means "on the day of this day". It's a fixed expression.
Yasmine: You never use hui by itself in French.
Brandon: These time-related words will help you explain when something happens. For example...
Yasmine: "Hier j'ai fait 3km de vélo, aujourd'hui de la marche et demain je vais à la montage. Après-demain je vais me reposer !"
Brandon: "Yesterday I rode 5 km on my bike, today I walked, and tomorrow I will go to the mountains. The day after tomorrow I will rest!". Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask about the hours of operation of a business or store.
Yasmine: In the dialogue, we had.. "Et à quelle heure ouvrez-vous demain?".
Brandon: meaning “And what time do you open in the morning?”. It’s important to know when things open or close, so in this lesson, we'll introduce you to some phrases that will be very useful! We know you all want to see the sights in France, and these phrases are essential to plan your day. Let’s start with “What time does it open?”.
Yasmine: In French that’s "A quelle heure ça ouvre?". The first word "à" means "at”. It is followed by "quelle heure", which in French is "what hour”.
Brandon: You should remember these from previous lessons. Together the phrase means "at what time".
Yasmine: The next word is "ça", which means "it". Finally, we have "ouvre", which means "opens". So altogether we have "A quelle heure ça ouvre?".
Brandon: Literally, this means "At what hour it opens?". Even if you know when something opens, it’s also really important to know when places close! The worst thing to encounter is a ‘closed’ sign hanging in front of a place you wanted to see! How would we check the closing time?
Yasmine: In French "What time does it close?" is "A quelle heure ça ferme?". All we need to do is replace "ouvre" with "ferme".
Brandon: So if you go to an attraction or shop, what should you say?
Yasmine: You can say "A quelle heure ouvrez-vous?".
Brandon: "What time do you open?"
Yasmine: Or "A quelle heure fermez-vous?".
Brandon: "What time do you close?". Got it! What if it’s something more specific? Like if you go to the theater and want to ask when the show starts?
Yasmine: "What time does the show start" in French is "A quelle heure commence le spectacle?". You should recognize "à quelle heure" followed by the verb "commence".
Brandon: It means "start".
Yasmine: Then we have "le spectacle", meaning "the show". "A quelle heure commence le spectacle?".
Brandon: Literally this means "At what time starts the show?". Trains are really common in France. How would we ask when the train leaves?
Yasmine: You can say "A quelle heure part le train?".
Brandon: Which means "What time does the train leave?".
Yasmine: The question still starts with "à quelle heure". It is followed by the verb "part", which means "leave" and "le train" which is "the train". A quelle heure part le train?
Brandon: Literally this means "At what time leaves the train?". So we made it on the train, how can we find out when we’ll get where we’re going?
Yasmine: Just ask "A quelle heure on arrive?".
Brandon: which means "What time do we arrive?".
Yasmine: On arrive means "we arrive".

Outro

Brandon: Well, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time!
Yasmine: À bientôt!

6 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What's your favorite brand in France?

Chris
Sunday at 10:43 PM
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Je ne sais pas le marques de France! Mais j'ai souvenie que vous avez les explosives s'appelle 'Tiger' quand je suis petit??

FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 11:42 PM
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Bonjour Evelyne et merci pour votre commentaire !


Je m'excuse d'avoir mis si longtemps à vous répondre = I apologize for the delay in responding.

Je m'excuse = I'm sorry / I apologize

d'avoir mis = to have

si longtemps = so long

à vous répondre = to answer you


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod.com

Evelyne
Saturday at 10:00 AM
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Bonjour,


Veuillez vous expliquer le phrase "Je m'excuse d'avoir mis si longtemps à vous répondre" parce que je le ne comprends pas. Merci beaucoup!


Bonne journée!

Evelyne

Frenchpod101.com Verified
Sunday at 11:41 PM
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Bonjour Heather et merci pour votre commentaire !


Voici la correction :


Je n’ai pas de marque préférée. Mais je pense que “Vinaigre de Vin - première qualité” est très intéressant. C’est une des nombreuses marques qui sont représentés sur le rideau de ma douche. C’est mon tour de Paris quotidien.


Bonne semaine !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Heather
Saturday at 02:50 AM
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Je n'ai pas un favorite brand. Mais je pense "Vinaigre de Vin - premiere qualité" est très intéressant. C'est un de beaucoup de brands qui sont representer sur le rideau de ma douche. C'est mon tour de Paris quotidien.