Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hi everyone, and welcome back to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 2 Lesson 21, Going on a Weekend Hike in France! I’m Brandon!
Yasmine: Bonjour. I'm Yasmine.
Brandon: In this lesson you’ll learn how to ask permission in French. The conversation takes place in an office.
Yasmine: It’s between Léa and Théo.
Brandon: The speakers are friends, so they’ll be using informal French. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Théo: Es-tu occupé ce week-end?
Léa: Je vais à la montagne. Pourquoi?
Théo: Un vieil ami du lycée vient me rendre visite.
Léa : Est-ce que je peux le rencontrer la semaine prochaine?
Théo : Bien sûr, un repas lundi soir ça te va?
Léa : Oui, je suis libre!
Brandon: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Théo: Es-tu occupé ce week-end?
Léa: Je vais à la montagne. Pourquoi?
Théo: Un vieil ami du lycée vient me rendre visite.
Léa : Est-ce que je peux le rencontrer la semaine prochaine?
Théo : Bien sûr, un repas lundi soir ça te va?
Léa : Oui, je suis libre!
Brandon: Listen to the conversation with an English translation.
Théo: Es-tu occupé ce week-end?
Théo: Are you busy this weekend?
Léa: Je vais à la montagne. Pourquoi?
Léa: I'm going to the mountains. Why?
Théo: Un vieil ami du lycée vient me rendre visite.
Théo: An old friend from high school is visiting.
Léa : Est-ce que je peux le rencontrer la semaine prochaine?
Léa: May I meet him next week?
Théo : Bien sûr, un repas lundi soir ça te va?
Théo: Sure, how about dinner Monday evening?
Léa : Oui, je suis libre!
Léa: Yes, I'm free!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: Yasmine, what kinds of things do French people do on the weekends?
Yasmine: Well, many of them go shopping, especially for Courses alimentaires.
Brandon: Which is “grocery shopping."
Yasmine: And some people like to spend time with their family or friends.
Brandon: What kind of activities do they usually do together? Do they go to the park or watch a movie?
Yasmine: Yes, or they just meet up in a cafe.
Brandon: I guess they still have to do the usual weekend chores too, like cleaning the apartment and filling up the fridge.
Yasmine: Yep. When I'm done with things like that, I enjoy spending time with my sister or my friends. I go running with them in the park, or we meet at our favorite bar to have a beer.
Brandon: That sounds nice! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.The first word is..
Yasmine: occupé [natural native speed]
Brandon: busy
Yasmine: occupé [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: occupé [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: montagne [natural native speed]
Brandon: mountain
Yasmine: montagne [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: montagne [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: pourquoi [natural native speed]
Brandon: why
Yasmine: pourquoi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: pourquoi [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: rendre visite [natural native speed]
Brandon: to pay a visit to
Yasmine: rendre visite [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: rendre visite [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: rencontrer [natural native speed]
Brandon: to meet
Yasmine: rencontrer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: rencontrer [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: semaine [natural native speed]
Brandon: week
Yasmine: semaine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: semaine [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: repas [natural native speed]
Brandon: meal
Yasmine: repas [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: repas [natural native speed]
Brandon: Last we have..
Yasmine: libre [natural native speed]
Brandon: free
Yasmine: libre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: libre [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Yasmine: rendre visite
Brandon: which means "to pay a visit to." Yasmine, can you break this down?
Yasmine: Sure. The verb rendre literally means "to return." Visite is a noun.
Brandon: It’s a word with several meanings, including “visit,” “tour,” and “viewing.” How can you use this phrase?
Yasmine: The conjugation of the verb is rendre + visite + à + the name of the person you are visiting.
Brandon: You’ll notice that à is a very important preposition and it’s required after many verbs that need an indirect object .
Yasmine: You only use rendre visite when you’re visiting people.
Brandon: Can you give us an example?
Yasmine: Sure. Je vais rendre visite à Julie
Brandon: meaning "I'm visiting Julie." Since this is a formal phrase, how would you say it informally?
Yasmine: You can say aller voir, which is the most general French term.
Brandon: It literally means “to go to see.” Can you give us an example?
Yasmine: Nous allons voir mes parents,
Brandon: meaning "We are going to see my parents." Okay, next we have..
Yasmine: bien sûr
Brandon: meaning "of course," or literally, "very sure." You use it in formal and informal language.
Yasmine: Bien sûr is a very common expression.
Brandon: It’s often used as a response to a question or statement. Can you give us an example?
Yasmine: Let’s say someone asks you Tu viens à ma fête d'anniversaire ce soir,
Brandon: meaning.. “Are you coming to my birthday party tonight?”.
Yasmine: Then you can respond.. Bien sûr,
Brandon: which means “Of course!" It’s also used to link clauses.
Yasmine: For example, Je veux saluer, bien sûr, tous les invités de notre conférence
Brandon: meaning "I would also like to greet all the guests at our conference, of course." So Yasmine, how can you respond more formally to a question or request?
Yasmine: You can say bien entendu which is a synonym of bien sûr. For example, if someone says Avez vous amené le dossier ,
Brandon: "Did you bring the file?”
Yasmine: Then, you can answer.. Bien entendu ,
Brandon: "Of course."
Yasmine: Bien sûr can be followed by que oui to sound stronger, or que non to mean "of course not."
Brandon: Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask permission in French. How would you do this politely?
Yasmine: You can use the pattern est-ce que je peux... + infinitive verb.
Brandon: Can you give us an example using the pattern?
Yasmine: Of course! Est-ce que je peux venir m'assoir à côté de toi?
Brandon: This translates as "May I sit down next to you?"
Yasmine: Let’s break this down. Est-ce que is the polite way to start a question. Next is Je which means "I" , peux is the conjugated form of pouvoir meaning "can", and next is venir.
Brandon: That means “to come” and it’s then followed by the conjugated verb meaning “to sit,”
Yasmine: which is.. s'assoir. Next is à côté de meaning "next to” or “beside," and finally toi,
Brandon: meaning "you." But this phrase can’t be used for informal situations, right?
Yasmine: That’s right. For informal situations, you drop the Est-ce que when asking.
Brandon: So how would you say the previous example informally?
Yasmine: Je peux m'assoir à côté de toi ?
Brandon: Okay, so let’s say we are planning for a trip this summer, so what would we say if we want to rent a car?
Yasmine: You can say Est-ce que nous pouvons louer une voiture, meaning “Can we rent a car?”
Brandon: Great, Ok, for more information on this lesson be sure to check the lesson notes.

Outro

Brandon: Well, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Yasmine: À bientôt!

7 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What's your plan for this weekend?

Frenchpod101.com
Thursday at 06:42 AM
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Bonjour Caroline,


C'est un bon programme !

Quel concert ?


Bonne soirée

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Caroline
Wednesday at 05:46 AM
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Ce weekend, je vais aller a un concert avec mes amies.

Frenchpod101.com
Tuesday at 10:53 AM
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Bonjour Jiang et merci pour votre message !


C'est une bonne question.

Se rencontrer =when you are meeting someone for the first time

se retrouver = when you meet someone you already know


A bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Jiang (Joy) Chen
Friday at 06:04 AM
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"On peut se rencontrer à la gare" et "On peut se retrouver à la gare". Se rencontrer et se retrouver sont le même?


Frenchpod101.com Verified
Saturday at 07:41 PM
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Bonjour Deanna !


Merci pour votre commentaire !

Il faut dire : Le week-end prochain je vais aller dans un établissement vinicole avec mon mari et nos amis".


Bon week-end !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Deanna
Thursday at 12:32 AM
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Le week-end prochaine je vais aller au établissment vinicole avec mon mari et notre amis.