Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hi everyone! This is Lower Beginner Season 2 Lesson 15, When Are You Meeting Your French Friend for Dinner? I’m Brandon!
Yasmine: Bonjour. I'm Yasmine.
Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to make a plan using who what, when, where, why, and how. This conversation takes place in a house.
Yasmine: This conversation is between Sandra and Marion.
Brandon: The speakers are sisters, so they will be using informal French. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Sandra: Hé, ton amie Laura a appelé quand tu es partie.
Marion: Qu'est ce qu'elle a dit ?
Sandra : Il y a un dîner samedi à 5 heures.
Marion : Où ?
Sandra : Sa maison.
Marion : D'accord, merci !
Brandon: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Sandra: Hé, ton amie Laura a appelé quand tu es partie.
Marion: Qu'est ce qu'elle a dit ?
Sandra : Il y a un dîner samedi à 5 heures.
Marion : Où ?
Sandra : Sa maison.
Marion : D'accord, merci !
Brandon: Listen to the conversation with an English translation.
Sandra: Hé, ton amie Laura a appelé quand tu es partie.
Sandra: Hey, your friend Laura called while you were gone.
Marion: Qu'est ce qu'elle a dit ?
Marion: What did she say?
Sandra : Il y a un dîner samedi à 5 heures.
Sandra: Dinner Saturday is at 5 o'clock.
Marion : Où ?
Marion: Where?
Sandra : Sa maison.
Sandra: Her house.
Marion : D'accord, merci !
Marion: Ok, thanks!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: The French enjoy many different parties. One of the most popular parties in France are birthday parties. French people celebrate their birthdays with family members and friends.
Yasmine: They get a cake and the number of candles indicating their age, and everyone sings "joyeux anniversaire."
Brandon: It’s the French equivalent of the "happy birthday” song. The party sounds great, the person celebrating their birthday gets presents, and everyone shares a nice meal and has a good time. What kind of parties do you have, Yasmine? Are house parties common in France?
Yasmine: Yes. We often go to a friend's house, bring some food and drinks, and talk with everyone. We put on some music, and occasionally we dance.
Brandon: How do we say “birthday party” in French?
Yasmine: It’s Fête d'anniversaire.
Brandon: Remember that one listeners, Let’s move onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Brandon: Let’s take a look at the words and phrases used in this lesson. The first word is..
Yasmine: ami [natural native speed]
Brandon: friend
Yasmine: ami [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: ami [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: appeler [natural native speed]
Brandon: to call
Yasmine: appeler [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: appeler [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: partir [natural native speed]
Brandon: to leave
Yasmine: partir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: partir [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: dîner [natural native speed]
Brandon: to have dinner
Yasmine: dîner [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: dîner [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: samedi [natural native speed]
Brandon: Saturday
Yasmine: samedi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: samedi [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: sa [natural native speed]
Brandon: her, his
Yasmine: sa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: sa [natural native speed]
Brandon: Next we have..
Yasmine: maison [natural native speed]
Brandon: home, house
Yasmine: maison [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: maison [natural native speed]
Brandon: The last word is..
Yasmine: heures [natural native speed]
Brandon: o'clock/hours
Yasmine: heures [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Yasmine: heures [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Yasmine: Qu'est ce qu'elle a dit ?
Brandon: meaning "What did she say?"
Yasmine: Qu'est-ce que is a construction for introducing a direct question.
Brandon: The sentence would then end with a question mark.
Yasmine: A dit is the participe passé, or “past tense form,” for the verb dire.
Brandon: Which means “to say.” How would we ask a question using “what” as the subject or object?
Yasmine: The French equivalent is the interrogative pronoun que. As the object of a question, que may be followed by est-ce que.
Brandon: The abbreviated form que, with the verb in the middle and not at the end, is a lot more polite and sounds more neutral, but has the same meaning.
Yasmine: Qu'est-ce que shows more curiosity when asking a question, but is less formal.
Brandon: Can you give us an example in context?
Yasmine: Of course. Que veux-tu ? or Qu'est-ce que tu veux ?
Brandon: This means “What do you want?” When should we avoid this expression?
Yasmine: Well, if you want to speak informally, use quoi. For example, Tu veux quoi ?
Brandon: That’s another way to say “What do you want?”
Yasmine: In a simple question, use "quoi" followed by either inversion or est-ce que.
Brandon: Can you show us using the different forms?
Yasmine: Sure. De quoi parlez-vous ? or De quoi est-ce que vous parlez ?
Brandon: Those both mean “What are you talking about?” Listeners, Check the lesson notes for more examples on these points, now, let’s move onto lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you'll learn how to make a plan using who, what, when, where, why, and how.
Yasmine: In the dialogue, we had Hé, ton amie Laura a appelé quand tu es partie,”
Brandon: meaning “Hey, your friend Laura called while you were gone.” When you make a plan, you'll need to ask about when, where, and who. Sometimes you’ll also need to ask what’s going to happen, or the reason for the event. In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask all these questions in French.
Yasmine: Some examples are où,
Brandon: “where”
Yasmine: quand,
Brandon: “when”
Yasmine: pourquoi
Brandon: "why"
Yasmine: qui
Brandon: “who”
Yasmine: combien
Brandon: “how many” or “how much”
Yasmine: que, quoi, qu'est-ce que
Brandon: all meaning “what.” Using these words you can ask about a wide variety of situations. To ask,
include a question word, a subject, and a verb. Yasmine, how would we ask a question in standard French?
Yasmine: Use a question word, est-ce que/est-ce qu', a subject, then the verb. For example, Où est-ce que vous allez ?
Brandon: "Where are you going?"
Yasmine: Comment est-ce qu'il s'appelle ?
Brandon: “What’s his name?” What if we want to be informal?
Yasmine: You just need a subject, verb, and question word. For example, Vous allez où ?
Brandon: "Where are you going?" What about if we need to be more formal? How can we make a subject inversion question?
Yasmine: It’s question word, plus verb then subject. For example, Où allez-vous ?
Brandon: “Where are you going” in formal language. Any other things to note?
Yasmine: Use est-ce qu' when the subject starts with a vowel.
Brandon: Got it. And don’t forget to observe the hyphen between the verb and subject. Only invert the subject in questions when the subject is a personal pronoun. Yasmine, can you give us some example sentences?
Yasmine: Of course. Où allons-nous ?
Brandon: Which means “Where are we going?”
Yasmine: Combien coûte le livre ?
Brandon: Which means "How much does the book cost? " Listener’s you will be able to find more examples in the lesson notes.

Outro

Brandon: Alright that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone. See you next time!
Yasmine: À bientôt!

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FrenchPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Let's practice here making plans in French!

Christopher
Monday at 05:14 AM
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Hi all!

Thanks for great lessons!


In the lesson notes you mentioned that inversion can occur only when the subject is a personal pronoun. And yet in one of the examples we have "Combien coûte le livre?", which is inverted and doesn't use a personal pronoun as the subject. Could you relate those two things somehow or send a reference to other lesson?

Thanks!