Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hi everyone, I’m Greg: and welcome to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner Season 1, Lesson 4, When Should we Meet in France?
Mailys: Bonjour tout le monde. This is Mailys. In this lesson, we will learn how to tell time and how to count up to 20.
Greg: Jacques and Mireille are continuing their conversation about going out for dinner.
Mailys: And they are trying to agree on a time!
Greg: They are using informal French.
Mailys: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Jacques Tu préfères 18, 19 ou 20 heures?
Mireille Euh… je pense que je préfère 19 heures. 18 heures, c’est trop tôt, et 20 heures, c’est trop tard.
Jacques Oui, c’est vrai. Tu préfères 19 heures pile ou bien 19 h 15, 19 h 30 ou 19 h 45?
Mireille 7 heures et quart ou 8 heures moins le quart... 7 heures et demie?
Jacques Parfait! À ce soir, 19 h 30!
Greg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jacques Tu préfères 18, 19 ou 20 heures?
Mireille Euh… je pense que je préfère 19 heures. 18 heures, c’est trop tôt, et 20 heures, c’est trop tard.
Jacques Oui, c’est vrai. Tu préfères 19 heures pile ou bien 19 h 15, 19 h 30 ou 19 h 45?
Mireille 7 heures et quart ou 8 heures moins le quart... 7 heures et demie?
Jacques Parfait! À ce soir, 19 h 30!
Greg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Jacques Tu préfères 18, 19 ou 20 heures?
Greg: Do you prefer 6, 7 or 8 o’clock?
Mireille Euh… je pense que je préfère 19 heures. 18 heures, c’est trop tôt, et 20 heures, c’est trop tard.
Greg: Hmm… I think I prefer 7 o’clock. 6 o’clock is too early and 8 is too late.
Jacques Oui, c’est vrai. Tu préfères 19 heures pile ou bien 19 h 15, 19 h 30 ou 19 h 45?
Greg: Yes, that’s true. Do you prefer 7 sharp, or 7;15, 7;30 or 7;45?
Mireille 7 heures et quart ou 8 heures moins quart... 7 heures et demie?
Greg: A quarter past 7 or a quarter to 8… Half past 7?
Jacques Parfait! À ce soir, 19 h 30!
Greg: Perfect! See you tonight at 7;30!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Mailys: In French-speaking countries, instead of adding AM or PM after the time, we usually use the 24-hour system.
Greg: It doesn't have the military connotation that it has in English. It's almost always used when an official time is publicly announced, such as for a television show or any public event, especially in writing.
Mailys: It's also common for clocks or electronic devices to show the time using this system. But in informal speech, we sometimes just use the 12-hour system when it's clear whether we’re talking about AM or PM. This also allows us to use other informal expressions like "et demie" (half past) and "moins le quart" (a quarter to).
Greg: If you plan on visiting a Francophone country, make sure you're familiar with the 24-hour system! But now, let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: heure [natural native speed]
Greg: hour, o’clock
Mailys: heure [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: heure [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: préférer [natural native speed]
Greg: to prefer
Mailys: préférer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: préférer [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: penser [natural native speed]
Greg: to think
Mailys: penser [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: penser [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: que [natural native speed]
Greg: that
Mailys: que [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: que [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: trop [natural native speed]
Greg: too much, too many
Mailys: trop [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: trop [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: tôt [natural native speed]
Greg: early
Mailys: tôt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: tôt [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: tard [natural native speed]
Greg: late (in the day)
Mailys: tard [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: tard [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: vrai [natural native speed]
Greg: true
Mailys: vrai [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: vrai [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: pile [natural native speed]
Greg: sharp
Mailys: pile [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: pile [natural native speed]
Last:
Mailys: parfait [natural native speed]
Greg: perfect
Mailys: parfait [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: parfait [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Mailys: Let's start by looking at the word ‘trop’, which means “too much or too many when used after a verb. For example, ‘Je mange trop’, “I eat too much.”
Greg: When it's used before an adjective or an adverb, it means “too.”
Mailys: ‘Il est trop tôt’, meaning “it's too early.”
Greg: It doesn't mean too in the sense of as well, only in the sense of excessively.
Greg: Let's now look at ‘tôt’ meaning “early”, and ‘tard’ meaning “late”. They only mean early or late in the day, not ahead or behind schedule. You'd use them to say that's it's too early for supper, or too late to go out, but not when someone arrives early or late.
Mailys: For instance, ‘18 heures, c’est trop tôt’
Greg: Which means “6 o'clock is too early”,
Mailys: et 20 heures, c’est trop tard.
Greg: means “and 8 o'clock is too late.”
Greg: Let's now look at ‘parfait’ meaning “perfect.”
Mailys: It's also the name of a famous dessert.
Greg: We don't pronounce the final ‘t’, but in the feminine, an ‘-e’ is added, making the silent ‘t’ pronounced. Here are some example sentences
Mailys: Les biscuits sont parfaits!
Greg: The cookies are perfect!
Mailys: J'aime la cuisine, elle est parfaite!
Greg: I love the kitchen, it's perfect!
Greg: Let's now turn to the verb ‘préférer’, meaning “to prefer”.
Mailys: It's a regular verb, but there's a small irregularity in the spelling of the second ‘é’ - it changes to ‘è’ when it's in the last syllable of the word. Listen to the pronunciation and check the lesson notes to make sure you learn the right spelling.
Mailys: je préfère
Greg: I prefer
Mailys: tu préfères
Greg: you prefer
Mailys: il préfère
Greg: he/she/it prefers
Mailys: nous préférons
Greg: we prefer
Mailys: vous préférez
Greg: you (all) prefer
Mailys: ils préfèrent
Greg: they prefer
Great! Now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Greg: The focus of this lesson is telling time. We will also learn how to count to 20.
Mailys: The French equivalent of “o'clock” is ‘heures’, which also means “hours”. So, ‘sept heures’ is either “7 o'clock” or “7 hours”.
Greg: You can also add ‘pile’ to mean “sharp”.
Mailys: ‘Deux heures pile’ means “2 o'clock sharp”.
Greg: To add minutes, simply add the number after.
Mailys: To say 3: 10, just say ‘trois heures dix’. You can also say ‘trois heures et dix minutes.’
Greg: When giving the time, always use the preposition ‘à’ before the time.
Mailys: ‘À douze heures’ means “at 12 o'clock.”
Greg: To indicate that the time is a number of minutes before the hour, we use ‘moins’, which means “less” or “minus”.
Mailys: ‘deux heures moins 10’ is “10 to 2”.
Greg: The word for “quarter” is ‘quart’.
Mailys: 10 heures moins le quart
Greg: a quarter to 10
Mailys: 9 heures et quart
Greg: a quarter past 9.
Greg: For half, we say ‘demie’.
Mailys: À 8 heures et demie
Greg: At half past 8
Mailys: À 11 heures moins quart
Greg: At a quarter to 11
Mailys: Note that you can't use ‘quart’ and ‘demie’ with the 24-hour system, so only up to 12 o'clock.
Greg: Lastly, ‘minuit’ and ‘midi’ mean “midnight” and “noon”. You can use ‘et’ and ‘moins’ with both these words.
Mailys: Il est midi moins le quart.
Greg: It's a quarter to 12.
Mailys: À minuit et demi.
Greg: At 12: 30 am.
Greg: Let’s now look at the numbers 11 to 20.
Mailys: onze
Greg: 11
Mailys: douze
Greg: 12
Mailys: treize
Greg: 13
Mailys: quatorze
Greg: 14
Mailys: quinze
Greg: 15
Mailys: seize
Greg: 16
Mailys: dix-sept
Greg: 17
Mailys: dix-huit
Greg: 18
Mailys: dix-neuf
Greg: 19
Mailys: vingt
Greg: 20
Greg: All numbers 11 to 16 end with ‘-ze’.
Mailys: [in French] 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16.
Greg: 17 to 19 are compounds of ‘dix’ plus the second digit.
Mailys: [in French] 17, 18, 19.
Greg: Ok, that should do it for this lesson! Join us for the next lesson to find out if Jacques will be able to book a table for himself and Mireille at the right time!
Mailys: À bientôt!
Greg: See you soon!

14 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

What time is it where you are now? Tell us in French.

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Frenchpod101.com
Sunday at 10:07 pm
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Bonjour Gwynn et merci pour votre message.


Il faut dire " Il est onze heures quarante-cinq".


Bon dimanche !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Gwynn
Tuesday at 7:46 pm
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Bonjour, òu j'habite j'ai onze heures quarante-cinq. Il fait nuageux!

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FrenchPod101.com
Tuesday at 10:01 pm
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Bonjour Tee et enchantée de vous rencontrer !


Il faut dire : il est vingt heures trente ici


Bonne semaine

Marie Alice

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FrenchPod101.com
Tuesday at 10:00 pm
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Bonjour Yachen !


C'est trop tard & Il est trop tard, both sentences mean the same thing : it's too late

c'est and il est are impersonal expressions. They can mean things like this is, that is, it is, they are, and even he / she is.


Bonne semaine

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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tee
Friday at 10:35 am
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J'habite Montreal Canada. A vingt heures et demi ici.

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Yachen
Friday at 6:25 am
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Bonjour! Can anyone explain the difference between "Il est trop tard" and "C'est trop tard"? In the lesson note, they are both translated into "It's too late". Thanks!

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FrenchPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:38 am
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Bonjour Peter et merci pour votre commentaire !


Il faut dire : il est huit heures et demi OU il est vingt heures trente.


Bonne semaine !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Peter
Sunday at 5:41 am
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Il à vingt heures et demie.


Peter :)

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FrenchPod101.com
Saturday at 2:48 am
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Bonjour Janelle !


Ici, à Paris, il est 18:47 !

La nuit est déjà là....


Merci pour votre commentaire !

A bientôt!


Mélanie

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Janelle
Monday at 11:19 pm
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J'habite au Tennessee