Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hello everyone, I’m Greg: and welcome back to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 14 - Personal Problems in France.
Mailys: Bonjour tout le monde. This is B. In this lesson, we will learn how to say “must” and “need”.
Greg: In this lesson, Jacques is a little absent-minded at work because he's a bit depressed about Mireille. He is using formal French with a senior teacher at the school where he works.
Mailys: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Mme Joyal Jacques, vous devez laver le plancher encore une fois; il est encore sale. Vous devez faire attention!
Jacques Oui, madame Joyal, je suis désolé. Je ne sais pas où j’ai la tête aujourd’hui.
Mme Joyal Vous êtes malade?
Jacques Non, ça va. C’est plutôt un problème personnel…
Mme Joyal Je comprends, mais les planchers doivent être propres! C’est septembre et les enfants ont besoin de vous!
Jacques Oui, je sais, je sais, je dois faire plus attention…
Greg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Mme Joyal Jacques, vous devez laver le plancher encore une fois; il est encore sale. Vous devez faire attention!
Jacques Oui, madame Joyal, je suis désolé. Je ne sais pas où j’ai la tête aujourd’hui.
Mme Joyal Vous êtes malade?
Jacques Non, ça va. C’est plutôt un problème personnel…
Mme Joyal Je comprends, mais les planchers doivent être propres! C’est septembre et les enfants ont besoin de vous!
Jacques Oui, je sais, je sais, je dois faire plus attention…
Greg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Mme Joyal Jacques, vous devez laver le plancher encore une fois; il est encore sale. Vous devez faire attention!
Greg: Jacques, you need to wash the floor one more time; it’s still dirty. You need to be careful!
Jacques Oui, madame Joyal, je suis désolé. Je ne sais pas où j’ai la tête aujourd’hui.
Greg: Yes, Mrs. Joyal, I’m sorry. I don’t know where my head’s at today.
Mme Joyal Vous êtes malade?
Greg: Are you sick?
Jacques Non, ça va. C’est plutôt un problème personnel…
Greg: No, I’m fine. It’s a personal problem rather …
Mme Joyal Je comprends, mais les planchers doivent être propres! C’est septembre et les enfants ont besoin de vous!
Greg: I understand, but the floors need to be clean! It’s September and the children need you!
Jacques Oui, je sais, je sais, je dois faire plus attention…
Greg: Yes, I know, I know, I need to be more careful …
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Greg: In this lesson, we'll talk about the French Education System. Mailys, I've often heard that the French Education System is one of the most successful in the world. Can we tell people a bit about how it works?
Mailys: Sure. The pre-university system is usually divided into 4 stages. ‘L'École maternelle’ is for children ages 2 to 5 and is meant to prepare them for elementary school.
Greg: And elementary school, called ‘l'École primaire’, is for children ages 6 to 11.
Mailys: Next comes ‘le Collège’, for ages 12 to 15, followed by ‘le Lycée’, equivalent to the American high school, for students ages 16 to 18.
Greg: Interestingly, the grading system is not out of 100, but out of 20.
Mailys: Yes, and the passing grade is 10. The teachers are very strict so it's common for students to repeat a year.
Greg: And the final exam that students need to pass to graduate is called the ‘baccalauréat’, or the ‘bac’ for short.
Mailys: Ok, let’s move on to the vocab now.
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: devoir [natural native speed]
Greg: to have to, must
Mailys: devoir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: devoir [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: plancher [natural native speed]
Greg: floor
Mailys: plancher [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: plancher [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: fois [natural native speed]
Greg: time, occurrence (once, twice, etc.)
Mailys: fois [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: fois [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: sale [natural native speed]
Greg: dirty
Mailys: sale [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: sale [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: faire attention [natural native speed]
Greg: to be careful
Mailys: faire attention [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: faire attention [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: tête [natural native speed]
Greg: head
Mailys: tête [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: tête [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: personnel [natural native speed]
Greg: personal
Mailys: personnel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: personnel [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: comprendre [natural native speed]
Greg: to understand, to comprehend
Mailys: comprendre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: comprendre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: propre [natural native speed]
Greg: clean, (one's) own
Mailys: propre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: propre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: plus [natural native speed]
Greg: more
Mailys: plus [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: plus [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. ‘Fois’ means “time”, and it's used to count the number of times something happens, as in “I went 3 times”.
Mailys: To say “once” or “twice”, we simply say ‘une fois’, ‘deux fois’, etc.
Mailys: Il lave toujours le plancher deux fois.
Greg: He always washes the floor twice.
Mailys: Les enfants mangent trois fois par jour.
Greg: The kids eat three times a day.
Greg: ‘Faire attention’ means “to pay attention” or “to be careful”.
Mailys: It's made up of the verb ‘faire’, which we introduced in lesson 7, and the noun ‘attention’.
Greg: The preposition ‘à’ is used to introduce another noun. For example...
Mailys: Vous devez faire attention! C'est dangereux ici!
Greg: You have to be careful! It's dangerous here!
Mailys: Il fait attention à son travail parce que c'est un projet important.
Greg: He's careful with his work because it's an important project.
Greg: ‘Comprendre’ means “to understand” or “to comprehend”. Here is its irregular conjugation.
[B and A alternate]
je comprends,
tu comprends,
il comprend,
nous comprenons
vous comprenez,
ils comprennent,
Mailys: Here are some sentences. Elle comprend très bien le français.
Greg: She understands French very well.
Mailys: Nous ne comprenons pas pourquoi il est malade.
Greg: We don't understand why he is sick.
Greg: And finally, ‘Plus’ means “more.” The preposition ‘de’ is used to introduce a noun.
Mailys: Je veux plus de pain.
Greg: I want more bread.
Mailys: Ils ont plus d'enfants que nous.
Greg: They have more children than we do.
Greg: When it's used with an adjective, ‘plus’ is the equivalent of the English “-er” as in “faster” or “smaller”.
Mailys: In this case, the ‘s’ is not pronounced. The second part of the comparison is introduced by ‘que’.
Mailys: Il est plus gentil qu'elle.
Greg: He is nicer than her. Okay, now onto the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Greg: The focus of this lesson is expressing obligation with verbs like “must”, “have to” and “need to”.
Mailys: The first verb we'll look at is ‘devoir’ which means “must” or “to have to”. It's an irregular verb, so let's first look at the conjugation.
je dois
tu dois
il doit
nous devons
vous devez
ils doivent
Greg: ‘Devoir’ is usually followed by another verb in the infinitive.
Mailys: Tu dois écouter le professeur.
Greg: You have to listen to the teacher.
Mailys: Vous devez arriver à l'heure.
Greg: You must arrive on time.
Mailys: ‘Devoir’ can also be used to indicate an assumption, as in “it's got to be” or “it must be”.
Mailys: Il doit faire chaud dehors parce que le soleil brille très fort.
Greg: It must be hot outside because the sun is shining very strongly.
Mailys: Tu veux un tatouage? Ouille, ça doit vraiment faire mal.
Greg: You want a tattoo? Ouch, it must really hurt.
Greg: To say that you “need something”, or “need to do something”, we use the expression ‘avoir besoin’. Literally, it means “to have need”. It is always followed by ‘de’.
Mailys: As-tu besoin de mon aide?
Greg: Do you need my help?
Mailys: Cette soupe a besoin d'un peu plus de sel.
Greg: This soup needs a bit more salt.
Mailys: Nous avons besoin d'aller au marché.
Greg: We need to go to the market.
Greg: We would also like to introduce another common expression that doesn't appear in the dialogue - ‘il faut’.
Mailys: It's an impersonal verb - You can review lesson 7 to learn more about impersonal verbs.
Greg: The usage of ‘il faut’ can get quite complex, but one simple way to use it is to add an infinitive verb.
Mailys: Il faut partir!
Greg: We have to go!
Greg: There is no subject, so the exact meaning depends on the context.
Greg: Il faut laver le plancher!
Mailys: You have to wash the floor!
Mailys: And that’s it for this lesson! Make sure you join us for lesson 15!
Greg: I hope Jacques feels better. Maybe Mireille will call him back!
Mailys: We'll find out soon! À bientôt!
Greg: See you soon!

13 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

Is there anything you must do today? Tell us in French!

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FrenchPod101.com
Thursday at 7:35 pm
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Hi Margie,


Thank you for joining us! Great to hear that you're enjoying our website!


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Frenchpod101.com
Thursday at 5:14 am
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Bonjour Bora et merci pour votre message.


Vous avez raison, c'est tout à fait ça !😄


Bonne journée et à bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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margie vasquez
Wednesday at 10:33 am
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J'aime frenchpod101.com

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FrenchPod101.com
Tuesday at 7:13 pm
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Hi Rachel,


Thank you for the cute emojis!


Let us know if you have any questions.👍


Sincerely,

Cristiane

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Rachel
Friday at 4:54 am
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❤️️👍😄

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Bora Miçi
Thursday at 11:52 pm
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Devrait c’est plutôt pour exprimer l’incertitude ou la possibilité? Et doit c’est pour dire il faut?

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Elaina
Thursday at 11:45 pm
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Great lesson.

Attention. Stop. Watch Out. Help. Be Careful. Heads Up.

Urgent responses. One word and when to use in emergency situations with dramatic influx in voice.

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FrenchPod101.com
Wednesday at 12:55 am
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Bonjour Deanna !


Je suis tombé par terre, je suis tombé sur le plancher, je suis tombé sur le sol = I fell on the ground / on the floor


Je lave le plancher, je lave le sol = I wash the floor

But you can't say "je lave le par terre"


Le plancher est propre, le sol est propre = The floor is clean

A bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Peter Fraser
Tuesday at 8:53 am
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Salut !


Je devrais me changer les spotlights dans la cuisine aujourd'hui, mais je suis trop paresseux sa faire ça.


I should change the spotlights in the kitchen today, but I'm too lazy to do this.


Merci,


Peter :)

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Deanna
Sunday at 7:13 pm
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When would you use 'plancher ' for floor, and when would you use 'par terre '?