Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hello everyone, I’m Greg: and welcome to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 8 - Talking about Relationships in France.
Mailys: Bonjour à vous tous. This is Mailys. In this lesson, we will learn how to ask yes or no questions with ‘est-ce que.’
Greg: Jacques is at home talking with his friend Marcel, whom we first met in lesson 1 and who wants to know everything about Mireille.
Mailys: They are using informal French because they are good friends.
Greg: Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Marcel Alors Jacques, parle-moi de cette jolie fille!
Jacques Elle s’appelle Mireille et…
Marcel Est-ce qu’elle est gentille? Est-ce qu’elle est intéressante?
Jacques Oui, elle est bien gentille et plutôt intéressante.
Marcel Est-ce que c’est sérieux entre vous deux?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais je pense que je l’aime.
Marcel Oh! Il l’aime! Et elle, est-ce qu’elle t’aime aussi?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais j’espère que oui.
Marcel Est-ce que tu la revois bientôt?
Jacques Je la vois dimanche, nous faisons un pique-nique dans un parc.
Greg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Marcel Alors Jacques, parle-moi de cette jolie fille!
Jacques Elle s’appelle Mireille et…
Marcel Est-ce qu’elle est gentille? Est-ce qu’elle est intéressante?
Jacques Oui, elle est bien gentille et plutôt intéressante.
Marcel Est-ce que c’est sérieux entre vous deux?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais je pense que je l’aime.
Marcel Oh! Il l’aime! Et elle, est-ce qu’elle t’aime aussi?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais j’espère que oui.
Marcel Est-ce que tu la revois bientôt?
Jacques Je la vois dimanche, nous faisons un pique-nique dans un parc.
Greg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Marcel Alors Jacques, parle-moi de cette jolie fille!
Greg: So Jacques, tell me about this cute girl!
Jacques Elle s’appelle Mireille et…
Greg: She’s called Mireille and…
Marcel Est-ce qu’elle est gentille? Est-ce qu’elle est intéressante?
Greg: Is she nice? Is she interesting?
Jacques Oui, elle est bien gentille et plutôt intéressante.
Greg: Yes, she is quite nice and rather interesting.
Marcel Est-ce que c’est sérieux entre vous deux?
Greg: Is it serious between you two?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais je pense que je l’aime.
Greg: I don’t know, but I think I love her.
Marcel Oh! Il l’aime! Et elle, est-ce qu’elle t’aime aussi?
Greg: Oh! He loves her! And does she also love you?
Jacques Je ne sais pas, mais j’espère que oui.
Greg: I don’t know, but I hope so.
Marcel Est-ce que tu la revois bientôt?
Greg: Are you seeing her again soon?
Jacques Je la vois dimanche, nous faisons un pique-nique dans un parc.
Greg: I’m seeing her Sunday, we're having a picnic in a park.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Greg: In the dialogue, Jacques and Marcel are meeting in a coffee shop, but did you know that one of the first coffee houses, or cafés, in Paris was opened in 1686 by an Italian man?
Mailys: That’s right!
Greg: He’s also referred to as the Father of Italian Gelato since he refined and helped popularize this dessert.
Mailys: The café he opened is called Le Café Procope and it’s still open today.
Greg: It’s the oldest restaurant in Paris that is still in operation, and probably the oldest café in the world.
Mailys: You can visit it today on rue de l'Ancienne Comédie, in the 6th Arrondissement. Among the many famous people who have visited the café, we have La Fontaine, Voltaire, Benjamin Franklin, Napoleon Bonaparte, Balzac, Victor Hugo and Verlaine.
Greg: Listeners, make sure you visit when you go to Paris! Now, let’s move to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: gentil [natural native speed]
Greg: nice
Mailys: gentil [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: gentil [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: plutôt [natural native speed]
Greg: rather
Mailys: plutôt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: plutôt [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: intéressant [natural native speed]
Greg: interesting
Mailys: intéressant [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: intéressant [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: sérieux [natural native speed]
Greg: serious
Mailys: sérieux [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: sérieux [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: entre [natural native speed]
Greg: between
Mailys: entre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: entre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: savoir [natural native speed]
Greg: to know
Mailys: savoir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: savoir [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: espérer [natural native speed]
Greg: to hope
Mailys: espérer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: espérer [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: dimanche [natural native speed]
Greg: Sunday
Mailys: dimanche [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: dimanche [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: pique-nique [natural native speed]
Greg: picnic
Mailys: pique-nique [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: pique-nique [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: voir / revoir [natural native speed]
Greg: to see / to see again
Mailys: voir / revoir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: voir / revoir [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Let’s start with the verb ‘savoir’, “to know”. Here is the conjugation...
Mailys: je sais
Greg: tu sais
Mailys: il sait
Greg: nous savons
Mailys: vous savez
Greg: ils savent
Greg: So you can use ‘savoir’ to say “I know”
Mailys: je sais
Greg: or “I don’t know”
Mailys: je ne sais pas
Greg: We also use ‘savoir’ with a complete clause introduced by ‘que’, “that”.
Mailys: Je sais qu'elle est ici
Greg: I know that she is here.
Mailys: Je sais que tu parles chinois.
Greg: I know that you speak Chinese.
Greg: Let’s now look at the verb ‘voir’ meaning “to see” and ‘revoir’, “to see again”. Here is the conjugation for ‘voir’. To conjugate ‘revoir’, simply add ‘re-’ to ‘voir’.
Mailys: je vois
Greg: tu vois
Mailys: il voit
Greg: nous voyons
Mailys: vous voyez
Greg: ils voient
Greg: Here are a few examples...
Mailys: Marcel voit Jacques dans un café dimanche.
Greg: Marcel is seeing Jacques in a café Sunday.
Mailys: Ah, je vois!
Greg: Ah, I see!
Mailys: Est-ce que tu vois la fille là-bas?
Greg: Do you see the girl over there?
Mailys: ‘Revoir’ means “to see again”. It’s used in ‘au revoir’, meaning “see you again” or “Goodbye”.
Greg: ‘Re-’ is a commonly used prefix meaning “again” or “back”. In the dialogue, Marcel asks Jacques...
Mailys: ‘Est-ce que tu la revois bientôt?’ “Are you seeing her again soon?”
Greg: Let’s now look at days of the week. In this lesson’s dialogue, we introduced the word ‘dimanche,’ meaning “Sunday”. Notice how it starts with ‘di-’. You’ll see that all other days end in ‘-di’.
Mailys: Dimanche
Greg: Sunday
Mailys: Lundi
Greg: Monday
Mailys: Mardi
Greg: Tuesday
Mailys: Mercredi
Greg: Wednesday
Mailys: Jeudi
Greg: Thursday
Mailys: Vendredi
Greg: Friday
Mailys: Samedi
Greg: Saturday
Greg: All days of the week are masculine, and in French, the week always starts on Sunday. And don’t forget -- in French, the words for the days of the week or for the months don’t use a capital letter!
Mailys: Now let’s go to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Greg: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to make yes or no questions using ‘est-ce que.’
Mailys: We learned before that you can ask simple yes or no questions in French by raising the intonation at the end.
Greg: However, the proper way to ask a yes or no question is to put ‘est-ce que’ before the subject-verb structure. If the subject starts with a vowel, ‘que’ will become qu’ … which is q-u plus an apostrophe.
Mailys: The answer to this kind of question will have to be yes or no. Here are some examples
Mailys: Est-ce qu’elle est gentille? (“is she nice?”) === Oui, elle est très gentille. (Yes, she’s very nice.)
Mailys: Est-ce que tu sais? (“do you know?”) === Oui, je sais! (Yes, I know!)
Mailys: Est-ce que la pizza est bonne? (“is the pizza good?”) === Non, elle n’est pas bonne. (No, the pizza is not good.)
Greg: In order to avoid repeating a noun when we answer a question, we use pronouns. You already know subject pronouns ‘il/ils’ and ‘elle/elles’.
Mailys: In this lesson, we will look at the object pronouns ‘le’, ‘la’ and ‘les’. They are easy to remember because they look the same as the articles ‘le’, ‘la’, ‘les’.
Greg: To answer ‘est-ce que tu vois l’océan?’, meaning [Can you see the ocean?] you can say ‘oui, je vois l’ocean’, but it's a little repetitive.
Mailys: to avoid repeating ‘l’ocean, you can replace it with the pronoun ‘le’ and place it immediately before the verb -- ‘oui, je le vois’
Greg: “yes, I see it”
Mailys: non, je ne le vois pas,
Greg: means “no I don’t see it.”
Mailys: Je le vois, je ne le vois pas. which means “I see it, I don’t see it”
Greg: In the next examples, I will ask a question and Mailys: will answer both yes and no, using object pronouns.
Greg: Est-ce que tu regardes le film? (Are you watching the movie?)
Mailys: Oui, je le regarde (yes, I’m watching it) / Non, je ne le regarde pas. (No, Im not watching it)
Greg: Est-ce que le garçon recommande les spaghettis? (Does the waiter recommend the spagetti?)
Mailys: Oui, il les recommande (Yes, he recommends it) / Non, il ne les recommande pas. (No, he doesn’t recommend it.)
Greg: When the noun is feminine, ‘la’ is used.(quand le nom est feminin, on utilise « la »
Mailys: Est-ce que vous mangez la pizza? (Do you eat the pizza?)
Greg: Oui, nous la mangeons. (Yes, we eat it) / Non, nous ne la mangeons pas.(No, we don’t eat it)
Greg: When the verb starts with a vowel, ‘le’ and ‘la’ become l’, l plus an apostrophe. ‘Est-ce que tu aimes le café?’ Do you like the coffee?)
Mailys: Oui, je l’aime / Non, je ne l’aime pas. (Yes, I like it)
Greg: Est-ce qu’il aime Mireille?(Does he like Mireille?)
Mailys: Oui, il l’aime (Yes, he likes her) / Non, il ne l’aime pas.(No , he doesn't like her)
Greg: Finally, in the plural, we use ‘les’. If the verb starts with a vowel, there will be a liaison. ‘Est-ce que tu aimes les biscuits?’ Do you like the cookies? )
Mailys: Oui, je les aime beaucoup (Yes, I like them a lot)/ Non, je ne les aime pas.(No, I don’t like them.)
Greg: Est-ce que Jacques voit souvent Marcel et Mireille?(Does Jacques see Marcel and Mireille often?)
Mailys: Oui, il les voit souvent. (Yes, he sees them often) / Non, il ne les voit pas souvent.(No, he doesn’t see them often.)
Greg: Ok, that’s it for this lesson! Join us for lesson 9 to find out more about Jacques and Mireille’s picnic date!
Mailys: So it’s a date for us too! À bientôt!
Greg: See you soon!

5 Comments

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FrenchPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

Did you find this lesson helpful?

Frenchpod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 5:02 am
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Bonjour Ines !


Traditionnellement on dit "garçon de café".

Mais de nos jours on dit "serveur" (masculin) & "serveuse" (féminin).

Merci pour votre commentaire ! 😄


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Ines
Tuesday at 2:50 am
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Why are waiters referred to as le garcon? Is there another word for the waiter? What if the waiter is a woman?

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Friday at 5:05 pm
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Hi Janelle,


We are glad to hear that you are learning and enjoying our lessons!

Please, let us know if you have any question.


Regards,

Laura

Team FrenchPod101.com

Janelle
Wednesday at 12:40 am
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This lesson was very helpful. Before I was confused on how they used object pronouns but now it is very clear.:grin::thumbsup: