Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Greg: Hello everyone, I’m Greg: and welcome back to FrenchPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 13 - Confessions of a Lovesick Frenchman.
Mailys: Bonjour tout le monde. I’m Mailys. In this lesson, we will learn how to form dependent clauses.
Greg: These are clauses that form the second part of a sentence and they often start with “because”, “when”, “that”, and so on.
Mailys: In this lesson, Jacques is writing in his diary to lay down his feelings. Since he is writing to himself, he is using informal French.
Greg: Let’s listen as he writes.

Lesson conversation

Cher journal,
Aujourd’hui, je t’écris parce que je suis triste. Je suis triste parce que j’aime une femme magnifique et que je pense qu’elle ne m’aime pas. Je l’appelle et je laisse des messages sur son répondeur, mais elle ne répond pas et elle ne me rappelle pas. Quand on va au restaurant, qu’on prend un café ou qu’on fait un pique-nique, elle semble très heureuse d’être avec moi. Mais depuis qu’elle sait que je suis concierge, elle ne me parle plus et elle ne me rappelle plus. C’est pour ça que je suis triste. Je ne sais pas quoi faire. Je ne sais plus quoi faire.
Si tu as une idée brillante, merci de l’écrire sur la page suivante.
Greg: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Cher journal,
Aujourd’hui, je t’écris parce que je suis triste. Je suis triste parce que j’aime une femme magnifique et que je pense qu’elle ne m’aime pas. Je l’appelle et je laisse des messages sur son répondeur, mais elle ne répond pas et elle ne me rappelle pas. Quand on va au restaurant, qu’on prend un café ou qu’on fait un pique-nique, elle semble très heureuse d’être avec moi. Mais depuis qu’elle sait que je suis concierge, elle ne me parle plus et elle ne me rappelle plus. C’est pour ça que je suis triste. Je ne sais pas quoi faire. Je ne sais plus quoi faire.
Si tu as une idée brillante, merci de l’écrire sur la page suivante.
Greg: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Dear diary,
Today, I’m writing to you because I’m sad. I’m sad because I love a wonderful woman and I think she doesn’t love me. I call her and leave messages on her answering machine, but she doesn’t answer or call back. When we go to a restaurant, or go for coffee or for a picnic, she seems very happy to be with me. But since she learned that I’m a janitor, she doesn’t speak to me or call back anymore. That’s why I’m sad. I don’t know what to do. I don’t know what to do anymore.
If you have a brilliant idea, please write it on the next page.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Greg: I think writing your own journal is a really good way to improve your French language skills.
Mailys: It's best if you can write a little bit in French everyday, but even if it's every other day, just be consistent.
Greg: Whenever you try to say something and you're not sure about a word, look it up and write it down.
Mailys: If you can find a native speaker to correct your text, all the better.
Greg: But the important thing is that little by little, you will become familiar with all of the common words you use to talk about your daily life and you will feel increasingly comfortable in French.
Mailys: If you can't find the time to write, you can also do it out loud, or just whisper to yourself if you are in public.
Greg: Use these techniques and you'll be comfortable using French in no time! Ok, let’s take a look at the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Greg: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Mailys: journal [natural native speed]
Greg: diary, newspaper
Mailys: journal [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: journal [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: écrire [natural native speed]
Greg: to write
Mailys: écrire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: écrire [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: triste [natural native speed]
Greg: sad
Mailys: triste [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: triste [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: femme [natural native speed]
Greg: woman, wife
Mailys: femme [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: femme [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: répondre [natural native speed]
Greg: to answer, to reply
Mailys: répondre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: répondre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: aller [natural native speed]
Greg: to go
Mailys: aller [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: aller [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: prendre [natural native speed]
Greg: to take
Mailys: prendre [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: prendre [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: heureux [natural native speed]
Greg: happy
Mailys: heureux [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: heureux [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: ne ... plus [natural native speed]
Greg: not ... anymore
Mailys: ne ... plus [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: ne ... plus [natural native speed]
Next:
Mailys: suivant [natural native speed]
Greg: next, following
Mailys: suivant [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Mailys: suivant [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Greg: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. First, let’s take a moment to look at the four new irregular verbs presented in this lesson. Let's start with a very common verb - ‘aller’, which means “to go”. Listen to the conjugation for all six persons. And remember to check the lesson notes for the correct spelling.
Mailys
je vais
tu vas
il va
nous allons
vous allez
ils vont
Greg: So ‘aller’ is a very useful verb because it can also be used to express future when you add an infinitive verb. For example...
Mailys: Je vais manger
Greg: I'm going to eat.
Mailys: Elle va m'écrire
Greg: She's going to write to me. Let's now look at another very common verb, ‘prendre’ which means “to take”.
Mailys: je prends
Mailys: tu prends
Mailys: il prend
Mailys: nous prenons
Mailys: vous prenez
Mailys: ils prennent
Greg: If you start looking for similarities and patterns in the conjugation of irregular verbs, you will find them much easier to learn.
Mailys: You can make up your own observations, it doesn't have to be scientific. The point is to look for patterns that will make the various forms easier to retain.
Greg: See if you can find some patterns in these next two verbs. Here is the conjugation for ‘écrire’ which means “to write"
Mailys
j'écris
tu écris
il écrit
nous écrivons
vous écrivez
ils écrivent
Greg: And here is the conjugation for ‘répondre’ which means “to answer”
Mailys
je réponds
tu réponds
il répond
nous répondons
vous répondez
ils répondent
Greg: So you might have noticed that for ‘écrire’ and ‘répondre’, all singular forms sound the same. And then, to make the plural ‘ils’ form, a single consonant sound is added -- ‘v’ for ‘écrire’ and ‘d’ for ‘répondre’.
Mailys: You can then make the ‘nous’ and ‘vous’ form by adding ‘-ons’ (o-n-s) and ‘-ez’ (e-z) after that consonant. Irregular doesn't have to mean complicated!
Greg: Remember to check the lesson notes to find the correct written forms, and listen to this lesson as many times as you need to memorize the conjugation of these verbs and make sure you say them out loud to practice!
Mailys: Ok, let’s go to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Mailys: The focus of this lesson is dependent clauses.
Greg: Dependent clauses allow you to create more complex sentences that contain several verbs.
Mailys: They add information to the main clause and are usually introduced by words like ‘parce que’, “because”, ‘quand’, “when”, ‘que’, “that”, or ‘où’, “where”.
Greg: In French, the dependent clause is introduced right after the main clause and no comma is used. Here are some examples using the connector words we have learned so far -
Mailys: Elle est toujours fatiguée parce qu'elle travaille dur.
Greg: She is always tired because she works hard.
Mailys: J'aime aller au parc quand il fait chaud.
Greg: I like to go the park when it's hot.
Mailys: Nous savons qu'il écrit un journal.
Greg: We know that he is writing a diary.
Mailys: Savez-vous où ils habitent?
Greg: Do you know where they live?
Greg: These kinds of clauses are simple to build and allow you to make much more sophisticated sentences. So take advantage of them!
Greg: In lesson 6, we learned that ‘ne (verb)...pas’ means “not”.
Mailys: ‘Ne’ comes before the verb, and ‘pas’ comes right after.
Greg: However, other words can replace ‘pas’ in this kind of structure.
Mailys: In this lesson, Jacques writes ‘elle ne me parle plus’, which means “she doesn't talk to me anymore”. Next up, ‘ne (verb)... plus’ means “not (verb)... anymore”.
Greg: Here are some examples.
Mailys: Vous ne travaillez plus ici?
Greg: You don't work here anymore?
Mailys: Il ne mange plus de viande depuis 5 ans.
Greg: He stopped eating meat 5 years ago.
Greg: Another example is ‘Ne (verb)... rien’ which means “nothing” or “not (verb)... anything.”
Mailys: Je ne cherche rien.
Greg: I'm not looking for anything.
Greg: And finally, ‘Ne (verb)... jamais’ means “never” or “not (verb)... ever.”
Mailys: Elle ne mange jamais de biscuits.
Greg: She never eats cookies.
Mailys: Ils ne vont jamais au parc.
Greg: They never go to the park.
Greg: And that’s it for this lesson! Join us for the next to find out why Mireille isn't returning Jacques' calls!
Mailys: Hmm, I wonder if it's over between them or if she'll call him back! We'll find out soon! À bientôt!
Greg: See you soon!

9 Comments

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FrenchPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi everyone!

Let's practice and use the one of the connectors we have learned in a sentence!

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Gwynn
Friday at 12:06 am
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J’apprends français parce que j’ai un apartment à Antibes à près de Nice. Quand je suis là je veux parler avec mes voisins.

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FrenchPod101.com
Thursday at 1:01 am
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Bonjour Peter,


Thanks for posting!


Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.:wink:


Cristiane

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Peter Fraser
Tuesday at 8:50 pm
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Salut!


J'aime apprendre français parce-que c'est son très agréable.


I like learning French because it sounds very nice.


Merci,


Peter :)

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FrenchPod101.com
Tuesday at 1:57 am
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Bonjour Deanna et merci pour votre message !


Il faut dire : "J'apprends le français parce que je vais bientôt voyager au Quebec".

Si vous avez des questions n'hésitez pas !


A bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

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Peter Fraser
Friday at 7:47 am
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Aww -- poor guy!

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Deanna
Friday at 12:30 am
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J'apprends française parce que je vais voyager au Quebec bientôt.

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FrenchPod101.com
Monday at 10:59 am
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Hi Nicole,


The Expansion with Audio seems to be working fine. It could have been a temporary issue. If it's still not working, please try updating your Flash Player version.


If it's still not working, please let me know. It would be best if you inform which sentences are not working, and what browser are you using.


Kind regards,

Paloma

Team FrenchPod101

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Nicole
Friday at 9:01 pm
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Hi I am having issues with the expansion with audio sentences, I keep getting an error saying not connected to network on some of them. Je suis desole, je ne parle pas c'est Francois ... And I'm pretty sure I bungled that French to... Sorry