Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Let's take a closer look at the conversation.
Do you remember how Justine asks,
"Is this your family?"
Justine Jérôme: Est-ce ta famille ?
Let's start with the word famille, "family." Famille [enunciated]. Famille.
In French, all nouns have grammatical gender and are either singular or plural. Famille is feminine and singular — a fact that determines the form of other words in the sentence.
Before famille is ta, meaning "your." Ta (enunciated). Ta.
Do you remember the gender and number of famille?
Feminine and singular.
Ta is feminine and singular to agree with famille.
Together, it's ta famille. "Your family." Ta famille.
Moving to the start of the sentence, est, "is." Est [enunciated]. Est.
Note: est is from the verb, être, meaning "to be." Être.
Next is ce, "this." Ce [enunciated]. Ce.
Together, it's est-ce, meaning "is this." Est-ce.
Notice the word order when asking a question: est, "is," followed by ce, "this."
When this inverted word order occurs in French, there must be a hyphen between the verb and the subject, in this case.
Note the pronunciation of est-ce. Est-ce. [enunciated]
It's pronounced as one sound.
Est-ce. "Is this…" Est-ce.
All together, it's Est-ce ta famille ? "Is this your family?" Est-ce ta famille ?
Note the rising intonation of the sentence to indicate that it’s a question.
Justine Jérôme: Est-ce ta famille ?
Remember this question. You’ll hear it again later.
Let's take a closer look at the response.
Do you remember how Ben says,
"Yes. This is my father, my mother, my sister and me."
Oui. C'est mon père, ma mère, ma sœur et moi.
This starts with the expression oui, meaning "yes." Oui. [enunciated]. Oui.
It answers Justine's yes-or-no question, "Is this your family?"
Est-ce ta famille ?
After this, Ben points to the picture and says,
C’est mon père, ma mère, ma sœur et moi.
First is c’est, meaning "this is." C’est [enunciated]. C’est.
Note: Ce is contracted with est to form c'est.
After this is mon père. "My father." Mon père.
Père, "father." Père [enunciated]. Père.
Mon. "My." Mon [enunciated].
Mon is masculine and singular to agree with père.
Mon père.
Next is ma mère. "My mother." Ma mère.
Mère, "mother." Mère [enunciated]. Mère.
Ma. "My." Ma [enunciated].
Ma is feminine and singular to agree with mère.
Ma mère.
After this is ma sœur. "My sister." Ma sœur.
Sœur, "sister." Sœur [enunciated]. Sœur.
Ma. "My."
Ma is feminine and singular to agree with sœur.
Ma sœur.
Next is et. "And." Et [enunciated]. Et.
And last is moi, "me." Moi [enunciated]. Moi.
All together, Oui. C'est mon père, ma mère, ma sœur et moi.
"Yes. This is my father, my mother, my sister, and me."
Ben Lee: Oui. C'est mon père, ma mère, ma sœur et moi.
The pattern is
C'est {FAMILY MEMBER}, {FAMILY MEMBER}, {FAMILY MEMBER} et moi.
This is {FAMILY MEMBER}, {FAMILY MEMBER}, {FAMILY MEMBER}, and me.
To use this pattern, simply replace the {FAMILY MEMBER} placeholder with the appropriate word for "my" and members of your family. Remember that the word for "my" will be mon when your family member is male and ma when your family member is female.
Imagine your family members are your father, your mother, your brother, and you.
Frère is "brother." Frère [enunciated]. Frère. Frère is masculine and singular. Therefore, "my brother" is mon frère [enunciated]. Mon frère.
Say
"This is my father, my mother, my brother, and me."
Ready?
Sasha Lee: C'est mon père, ma mère, mon frère et moi.
Sasha Lee: "This is my father, my mother, my brother, and me."
Sasha Lee: C'est mon père, ma mère, mon frère et moi.

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Can you talk about your parents and siblings using the pattern introduced in this lesson?