Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Maryssa: Hi everyone, and welcome back to FrenchPod101.com. This is Business French for Beginners Season 1 Lesson 17 - Asking For Time Off Work in French. Maryssa Here.
Aurore: Bonjour, I'm Aurore.
Maryssa: In this lesson, you’ll learn about asking for a day off. The conversation takes place at the marketing department.
Aurore: It's between Thomas and Laurène.
Maryssa: The speakers are co-workers, therefore, they will speak both formal and informal French. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Thomas: Je voulais vous demander, est-il possible de prendre un jour de congé ?
Laurène: Tu as droit a des jours de congé certes. Mais quand veux-tu le poser ?
Thomas: Vendredi prochain. Si possible bien sûr !
Laurène: Je pense que c'est possible pour moi. Il faut que tu remplisses ce formulaire que je signerais puis je l'enverrais aux RH.
Thomas: Parfait, merci ! Dois-je donner une raison ?
Laurène: Non ce n'est pas nécessaire. C'est ta vie privée.
Maryssa: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Thomas: Je voulais vous demander, est-il possible de prendre un jour de congé ?
Laurène: Tu as droit a des jours de congé certes. Mais quand veux-tu le poser ?
Thomas: Vendredi prochain. Si possible bien sûr !
Laurène: Je pense que c'est possible pour moi. Il faut que tu remplisses ce formulaire que je signerais puis je l'enverrais aux RH.
Thomas: Parfait, merci ! Dois-je donner une raison ?
Laurène: Non ce n'est pas nécessaire. C'est ta vie privée.
Maryssa: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Thomas: I wanted to ask you, is it possible to take a day off?
Laurène: You are entitled to days off, of course. But when do you want to ask it?
Thomas: Next Friday. If possible of course!
Laurène: To me, I think it is. You need to fill in a form, I'll sign it, and then I'll send it to HR.
Thomas: Perfect, thank you! Do I need to give a reason?
Laurène: It's not required. It's your private life.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Maryssa: Thomas needed a day off, and he got it pretty easily.
Aurore: Yes, Laurène was happy to give it.
Maryssa: What can you tell us about applying for leave from work?
Aurore: There’s many rules and conditions. If you’re a permanent employee, you’re given a specific number of paid leave days.
Maryssa: Do these cover sick days, too?
Aurore: No, they’re separate. If you take sick leave above four days, you’ll get paid.
Maryssa: Would you need to provide a medical certificate?
Aurore: Yes, you would. If you’re a permanent employee, you’re also entitled to congé maternité.
Maryssa: "Maternity leave." It sounds like employees have access to lots of types of leave in France.
Aurore: They do. It can make it difficult to find permanent employment, though.
Maryssa: Why is that?
Aurore: Not every employer wants to, or are able to, give these rights.
Maryssa: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Maryssa: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is...
Aurore: congé [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "leave"
Aurore: congé [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: congé [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: poser un jour de congé [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "to take a day off"
Aurore: poser un jour de congé [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: poser un jour de congé [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: avoir le droit de [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "to be entitled to"
Aurore: avoir le droit de [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: avoir le droit de [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: raison [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "reason"
Aurore: raison [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: raison [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: RH / ressources humaines [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "HR / human resources"
Aurore: RH / ressources humaines [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: RH / ressources humaines [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: possible [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "possible"
Aurore: possible [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: possible [natural native speed]
Maryssa: Next we have...
Aurore: remplir [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "to fill"
Aurore: remplir [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: remplir [natural native speed]
Maryssa: And lastly...
Aurore: formulaire [natural native speed]
Maryssa: "form"
Aurore: formulaire [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Aurore: formulaire [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Maryssa: Let's have a closer look at the usage of one of the phrases from this lesson. The phrase is...
Aurore: avoir droit à
Maryssa: meaning "being entitled to."
Maryssa: This is a common expression.
Aurore: Avoir is the verb.
Maryssa: It means "to have."
Aurore: Droit is a noun.
Maryssa: It means "right" or "law." When we use this to mean "law," it doesn’t just mean serious legal issues.
Aurore: You can use it with children too, when talking about game rules, for example.
Maryssa: Can you give us an example using this word?
Aurore: Sure. For example, you can say... J'ai le droit d'espérer, même si je ne suis pas sûr que cela arrivera
Maryssa: ... which means "I have the right to hope, although I'm not sure it will happen."
Maryssa: Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Maryssa: In this lesson, you'll learn about asking for a day off. Your first step will be asking your manager if you can have the day off. You might need to contact HR, too.
Aurore: You’ll need to tell them the date you want.
Maryssa: In France, dates are written and spoken in a day, month, year format.
Aurore: For example, 4 juillet.
Maryssa: "July 4th."
Aurore: 27 mai 2017
Maryssa: "May 27th, 2017." Some companies will also ask for a reason why you want to take the day off.
Aurore: Most of the sentences will start with either J’ai "I have," or Je dois.
Maryssa: "I need." Let’s hear some examples.
Aurore: J’ai un rendez-vous chez le médecin.
Maryssa: "I have a doctor’s appointment."
Aurore: Je veux prendre des vacances.
Maryssa: "I want to go on vacation."
Aurore: Je dois aller à l’hôpital.
Maryssa: "I need to go to the hospital." Occasionally, you’ll need to ask for a day off with very short notice. If it’s the current day, you’ll need to call and speak to your manager or HR as soon as possible.
Aurore: In this case, speak directly. For example, J’ai besoin de prendre un jour de repos car j’ai une migraine.
Maryssa: "I need to take today off as I have a headache."
Aurore: Je ne peux pas venir aujourd’hui car je n’ai personne pour garder les enfants.
Maryssa: "I can’t come in today as I don’t have any childcare." Remember, it’s very important to be polite with your employer.
Aurore: It’s good to use J’aimerais when you request something.
Maryssa: This is "I would like," and it is then followed by an infinitive verb.
Aurore: J’aimerais is the first person singular, conditional mood, of aimer,
Maryssa: "to like," or "to love." You can also make a question by using "can."
Aurore: That is pouvoir. Again, it would be followed by an infinitive verb.
Maryssa: Here are some examples of polite sentences.
Aurore: Puis-je poser un jour de congé ?
Maryssa: "Can I take a day off?"
Aurore: Est-ce possible de travailler depuis chez moi?
Maryssa: "Is it possible to work from home?"

Outro

Maryssa: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Aurore: A la prochaine!

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What would you say to ask for a day off to your French boss?