Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Virginie:Hello, everyone, bonjour. This is Virginie.
Eric: Bonjour. Eric here! Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 12 - Making Your French Birthday List by Using the Negative to State What You Don't Have!
Virginie: Hello, and welcome to the Absolute Beginner Season 1 at FrenchPOD101.com, where we study modern French in a fun, educational format!
Eric: Right. So, brush up on the French that you started learning long ago, or start learning right away.
Virginie: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. I'm here with Eric. How are you doing, Eric, today?
Eric: I'm pretty good.
Virginie: What are we going to talk about today?
Eric: Well Rob and Cathy are leaving the wine tasting event. They are going back to their respective houses.
Virginie: And I assume they will be talking about what they don't have.
Eric: Exactly. Well let's find out.
Virginie: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Rob: Tu habites loin?
Cathy: Oui, à Versailles.
Rob: Tu as une voiture?
Cathy: Non, je n’ai pas de voiture.
Rob: Tu as un abonnement de métro?
Cathy: Oui, bien sûr.
Eric: One more time with the translation.
Rob: Tu habites loin?
Eric: Do you live far?
Cathy: Oui, à Versailles.
Virginie: Yes, in Versailles.
Rob: Tu as une voiture?
Eric: Do you have a car?
Cathy: Non, je n’ai pas de voiture.
Virginie: No, I don’t have a car.
Rob: Tu as un abonnement de métro?
Eric: Do you have a monthly subway pass?
Cathy: Oui, bien sûr.
Virginie: Yes, of course.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Eric: Versailes, where is that exactly?
Virginie: It's one hour south west from Paris.
Eric: And the chateau is a must see.
Virginie: Of course. And there is something really fun to do in the Chateau's park.
Eric: Oh yes, what's that?
Virginie: You can have a boat ride on the canal.
Eric: Wow.
Virginie: Yes, it's beautiful. And it makes you think that you're a king or a queen or something. It's pretty nice. That gives you another perspective on the Castle.
Eric: Right. So after a long visit in the castle, go take out a row boat!
Virginie: Yes it's really relaxing. And the park is very, very nice too.
Eric: And if you aren't that interested in the castle, you can just go directly to the park.
Virginie: Oui. The access is very, very cheap, a couple of euros I think.
Eric: Bargain, nice.
Virginie: It is, it's very nice.
VOCAB LIST
Eric: Well, let's hear a little vocabulary.
Virginie: Fist, Loin [natural native speed]
Eric: Far.
Virginie: Loin [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Loin [natural native speed]
Eric: And then.
Virginie: Une voiture [natural native speed]
Eric: A car.
Virginie: Une voiture [slowly - broken down by syllable] Une voiture [natural native speed]
Eric: Next.
Virginie: Un abonnement [natural native speed]
Eric: A subscription, a pass.
Virginie: Un abonnement [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Un abonnement [natural native speed]
Eric: Then.
Virginie: Métro [natural native speed]
Eric: Subway.
Virginie: Métro [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Métro [natural native speed]
Eric: Next.
Virginie: Bien sûr [natural native speed]
Eric: Of course.
Virginie: Bien sûr [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Bien sûr [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Eric: So the first phrase we're going to look at is?
Virginie: It is ""loin.""
Eric: And ""loin"" means far.
Virginie: Oui. Rob asked Cathy ""tu habites loin?""
Eric: Do you live far?
Virginie: See, it's just like in English. All you have to do is add ""loin"" after the verb.
Eric: And it also means far away
Virginie: Yes, for example if you want to say you are far away, you will say ""tu es loin.""
Eric: What else?
Virginie: An important word if you live in the country is, you always need a car in the country.
Eric: Indeed.
Virginie: But if you live in Southern France you will hear the word ""une auto"" to refer to a car and not ""une voiture.""
Eric: Really?
Virginie: And that's spelled AUTO. It's short for automobile.
Eric: Some words do vary from one French region to another?
Virginie: Exactly, oui. Each region has its own phrases too.
Eric: I've heard that the word ""plastic bag"" is different in the North and in the South.
Virginie: Yes, it's true. In the north they say ""un sac plastique.""
Eric: Plastic bag.
Virginie: Exactly. And in the South they say ""une poche plastique.""
Eric: Une poche.
Virginie: But really most of the time French people understand each other! No worries.

Lesson focus

Eric: Okay, great. Well, let's jump in to some grammar. So our focus today is how to say you don't have something.
Virginie: Yes. Like in our dialogue, Cathy says, ""je n'ai pas de voiture.""
Eric: And that's ""I don't have a car.""
Virginie: Now remember in a previous lesson we saw how to say ""I have something.""
Eric: Yes, I would say ""j'ai une voiture.""
Virginie: I have a car. So far so good. We have j'ai…
Eric: To say, I have.
Virginie: And then we have ""une voiture.""
Eric: And that's ""a car"", the indefinite article ""une"" and voiture ""car.""
Virginie: Now to say that you don't have a car
Eric: All you do is squeeze the verb between n' and pas.
Virginie: Absolutely. Je n'ai pas.
Eric: And then add the word ""de"" right after.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de.
Eric: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Eric: Notice that now we got rid of the indefinite article ""une.""
Virginie: Yes the indefinite article just disappears. Instead we say pas de.
Eric: One more time, Virginie?
Virginie: Je n'ai pas de voiture.
Eric: And what it really means is ""I don't have a car in general.""
Virginie: Yes. Now if you want to say you don't have the car.
Eric: So like if we're talking about a specific car?
Virginie: Yes. You will say ""Je n'ai pas LA voiture.""
Eric: So all you do is again squeeze your verb between ""n'"" and ""pas.""
Virginie: And that's Je n'ai pas.
Eric: Then you add your definite article.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la.
Eric: And finally, ""car.""
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la voiture.
Eric: Let's hear both sentences one more time?
Virginie: Bien sur. Of course.
Eric: I don't have a car.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas DE voiture.
Eric: I don't have the car.
Virginie: Je n'ai pas la voiture.
Eric: Excellent. Right, so that would how you say you don't have something.

Outro

Virginie: Yes. I think you're all set for today! But before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Eric: Indeed. The voice recording tool.
Virginie: Yes, we have the voice recording tool in the premium learning center on FrenchPod101.com.
Eric: Right. Record your voice with just a click of a button.
Virginie: And then you can play it back just as easily.
Eric: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Virginie: You can compare it to the native speakers...
Eric: … and improve your pronunciation!
Virginie: Thank you. Au revoir.
Eric: Thank you very much.

Grammar

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33 Comments

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FrenchPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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How do you get around in your town?

Frenchpod101.com
Sunday at 10:37 pm
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Bonjour Seren et merci pour votre message.


Cela dépend, de quelle ville parlez-vous ?


Bon dimanche !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Seren
Thursday at 11:00 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bonjour! J'ai une question:


If the city I live in starts with a vowel instead of a consonant, would it be still correct to use á??


Merci,


Seren

FrenchPod101.com
Wednesday at 10:15 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Bonjour Ben et merci pour votre question.


When asked whether you own an object that you don't have in a general context, you'll respond with the negative form ne/n' pas de: Je n'ai pas de voiture. ("I don t have a car.")


To formulate a negative statement with the negative form ne/n'pas de, use: Je + n' + ai + pas de/d' + Noun


Bonne journée !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com

Ben
Tuesday at 7:38 am
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What's the difference between "de voiture" and "un voiture"?

They both seem to be representing an noun that can't be counted.

Kathy
Thursday at 11:19 pm
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Tank you very mach

Martha Lawrence
Tuesday at 9:32 am
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Merci, Abdelhak, pour votre question. I was also wondering about the voice recorder.

Merci, Cristiane, pour votre réponse!

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 4:18 pm
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Bonjour Ade,


You are right, "garagiste" means "mechanic".

Merci pour votre commentaire !


A bientôt !

Marie Alice

Team FrenchPod101.com


Adel Sal
Monday at 5:43 am
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In the vocabulary examples "La voiture est au garagiste" translated "The car is at the shop". I guess "garagiste" is not a shop, is it?

FrenchPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 11:54 pm
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Hi Abdelhak,


The voice recorder is not available yet when accessing the page on your mobile phone. However, you can check out this feature on your PC or Mac. It is in both the [Dialogue] and the [Vocabulary] sections.

It pops out when you click on the microphone icon.

If you can't find it, please let us know!


PS: The voice recording tool is developed by Flash, and you need access to the site on your PC or Mac to enjoy the feature.


Hope this helps!


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team FrenchPod101.com

Abdelhak
Monday at 8:46 pm
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Hello, plz where I can see The voice recording tool in my phone? Thanks.